Boris Gelfand (Hebrew בוריס גלפנד, Belarusian Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд / Barys Abramawitsch Helfand, Russian Борис Абрамович Гельфанд / Boris Abramovich Gelfand; * June 24, 1968 in Minsk ) is a Belarusian former chess champion who now plays for Israel. He now lives in Rishon LeZion. In 2012 he became vice - world champion against Viswanathan Anand.
Gelfand's first major successes began in the late 1980s presented a, since the early 1990s, he counts resistant to the super - grandmasters in chess. In 1985 he was a Soviet junior champion in 1988, he won jointly with Alexei Drejew the European Youth Championships in Arnhem. The Grand Master title awarded him the FIDE 1989. Gelfand won jointly with Vasyl Ivanchuk the Interzonal in Manila in 1990 and qualified for the first time for the candidates tournament. He left in the quarter-final match (Brussels 1991) against the winner later to become the candidate fights, the Englishman Nigel Short 3-5 ( 2, -4, = 2). Gelfand won in 1993 Interzonal in Biel / Bienne and qualified again for the candidates fighting. Initially he defeated Michael Adams ( 5-3 ( 3, -1, = 4) in Wijk aan Zee 1994), he suggested surprisingly the eventual World Champion Vladimir Kramnik with 4.5 to 3.5 ( 2, - 1 = 5) ( in Sanghi Nagar / India 1994). Only Anatoly Karpov stopped Gelfand when he hit him 6-3 ( 1, -4, = 4 from Gelfand's view, in Sanghi Nagar / India 1995).
Even after the FIDE had the classic determination of the challenger of the World Champion, namely, by zone, inter-zone and candidate tournaments abolished, Gelfand was successful in his attempts to intervene in the world championship match. In the first FIDE World Cup knockout system ( to be played at the much less tournament games and where often only decide rapid and blitz games on the next round ) in Groningen in 1997 he reached the semi-finals, where he defeated the Indian Viswanathan Anand. In 1999 he was eliminated by the eventual winner Alexander Khalifman. In New Delhi, 2000, he was eliminated by eventual finalists Alexei Shirov. In Moscow in 2001, he defeated Peter Svidler. At the FIDE World Championship in Tripoli in 2004, he did not participate, because the Libyan governance only did not allow the Israeli chess player and this allowed just before the tournament starts just seconds without Danten.
In the World Cup cycle 2006/2007 FIDE handle back to the mode of the candidates tournaments. Gelfand had qualified in the FIDE World Cup 2005 in Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS ) for the candidates fighting. This took place in May and June 2007 in Kalmykia (Russia ), where he belonged by beating Rustam Kasimjanov and Gata Kamsky of the eight players who were allowed to participate in the Chess World Cup 2007 in Mexico City in September. The competition was a round-robin tournament - running - so everyone with against any return round. With eight points from 14 games Gelfand won third place, which was so that his hitherto greatest success at the World Cup behind Viswanathan Anand and Vladimir Kramnik. In December 2009 he won the World Chess Cup in Khanty-Mansiysk; In the final, he sat down by Ruslan Ponomariov after Tie against. With this success, he qualified for the Candidates Tournament in Kazan in 2011, which he won with victories over Şəhriyar Məmmədyarov, Gata Kamsky and Alexander in the final over Grishchuk. This Gelfand secured the right to challenge 2012 world champion Viswanathan Anand in the World Chess Championship. In the World Cup tournament in May 2012 defeated by balanced main battle ( 1, -1, = 10) Anand Gelfand after a crucial by rapid chess tiebreak games with 1,5-2,5. In the first tournament of the FIDE Grand Prix 2012-2013 in London he shared the first place with Veselin Topalov and Şəhriyar Məmmədyarov. The heavily-stocked Valley Memorial in June 2013 in Moscow, he won among others against Magnus Carlsen, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Fabiano Caruana, Hikaru Nakamura and Sergey Karjakin.
To Gelfand another major tournament wins include victories in Moscow in 1992, Dos Hermanas 1994, Belgrade 1995, Vienna 1996, Polanica 1998 and 2000, Cannes 2002, and in Bermuda in 2005. Gelfand also won in 2002 the rapid chess tournament in Cap d' Agde, set the year was later discharged in the same mode as rapid chess world championship of FIDE. In the Chess Olympiads in 1990, he represented the USSR selection, 1994 and 1996, Belarus. Since its 1998 of emigration to Israel, he is top player of the Israeli national team, with whom he won the silver medal at the 2008 Chess Olympiad. In total, he scored nine Olympiads 53 points from 88 games. Gelfand's highest placing in the rankings was the third place in June 1991. For the 2007 /2008 season, he was reported in the chess Bundesliga for SC Remagen, but did not play.
Gelfand is married to journalist Maya. In September 2005, a daughter was born and in 2011 a son was born.
- B. Gelfand: My most memorable games. Edition Olms, Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-283-00453-6.