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Boticas is a small town ( Vila ) in northern Portugal.
In the 2nd century BC, the Romans conquered the Iberian Peninsula. Probably existed here already fortified settlements of the Castro culture, where the Romans settled in order to reduce ores in the surrounding mines and exploit the thermal springs of Carvalhelhos. The current name comes from the Latin apotheca.
During the Reconquista, the management unit of Barroso was created belonged to the Boticas. After the successful revolution of 1383, in Portugal's independence was secured, gave King João I, the area Nuno Álvares Pereira at the knight.
The independent circuit Boticas was newly created in the course of administrative reform by the Liberal Revolution in 1822 and the following Miguelistenkrieg (1832 /34) in 1836, by splitting off from the then defunct county Barroso.
Culture and sights
In addition to various religious buildings, stone fountains and historic public buildings ( primary school and court ) and the historic town center as a whole is under monument protection.
The small museum Repositório Histórico do " Vinho dos Mortos " recalls a curious episode from the second Napoleonic invasion. When the inhabitants Boticas ' 1808 all belongings hidden from the advancing troops of General Soult, they buried their wine inventories. When they dug it later, they found no more ruined, but on the contrary improved taste of wine. This local wine specialty bares the name Vinho dos Mortos (Portuguese for: wine of the Dead), which refers to the burial of the wine.
The Museu Rural de Boticas dedicated to the regional agricultural history and everyday life in the former county. Other places of culture are the arts and cultural center Centro de Artes Nadir Afonso, archeology park Parque Archaeological do Vale do Terva in the community Bobadela, the city library Biblioteca Municipal, and the city conference and event center Auditório Municipal Dr. Jose P. Fernandes, among other things, with concerts, theater and exhibitions.
Boticas is the seat of an eponymous district ( concelho ) in the district of Vila Real. June 30, 2011 had the circle 5747 inhabitants in an area of 322 km ².
The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Mont Alegre, Chaves, Vila Pouca de Aguiar, Ribeira de Pena and Cabeceiras de Basto.
The following municipalities are located in the district of Boticas:
- Alturas do Barroso
- Covas do Barroso
- Fiães do Tâmega
- São Salvador de Viveiro
- November 6
- Spain: Outes (Galicia ), A Coruna Province (since 2008)
- France France: Gond- Pontouvre, in the canton of Gond- Pontouvre (since 2009)
- Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome and Principe: Caue (since 2009)
The national road N311 leads to 16 km eastern junction No.20 ( Vidago ) of the A24 motorway, 45 km to the south district capital, Vila Real and leads in the beginning about 25 km north of Galicia. The N312 runs north for 4 km thoroughfare N103, which leads to about 20 km eastern Chaves and about 100 km west located Braga.
With its own railway connection has not Boticas. Until the temporary closure of the Linha do corgo was in the 16 km eastern Vidago the nearest railway station.
The central bus station Central de Camionagem de Boticas is the starting point for a number of private bus lines, offering local, regional and national connections.