The bouzouki (Greek μπουζούκι ) is a lute instrument ( shells - necked lute ), which mainly is used in the Greek music. The so-called Irish bouzouki is, however, a cittern from the family of Box - necked lutes and has little in common with the bouzouki.
Design and use
The Bouzouki is a long-necked lute with a pear-shaped body, which is manufactured after 1910 similar to the mandolin of chips. Earlier instruments were carved from a block of wood as the saz. The bouzouki is provided with three or four double strings made of metal, which in the mood dd' -aa- Ð'Ð ', gg' -aa- Ð'Ð ' aa ' ee a'a ' or cc' - are FF ' aa- Ð'Ð ' to be found. Related to it is the ancient Greek and the Turkish saz drum. It is the most important solo instrument in the Greek rebetiko style of music.
A miniature version of the three-string bouzouki is the Baglamas and Tzouras.
The first audio recording of a bouzouki made the linguist Wilhelm Doegen 1917 in a POW camp Greek soldiers in Görlitz. One of the first recordings of a bouzouki in Greece made Giorgos Manetas 1931/32 with the song Ta dustixa tou manga.
The folk music instrument is invaded by Nana Simopoulos also into jazz.
- Manolis Chiotis (1920-1970)
- Charis Lemonopoulos
- Dimitris Stergiou
- Kostas Papadopoulos
- Lakis Karnezis
- Vassilis Tsitsanis (1917-1984)
- Yannis Papaioannou (1914-1972)
- Giorgos Mitsakis
- Kostas Kaplanis
- Giorgos Tsimbides
- Giorgos Zambetas (1925-1992)
- Markos Vamvakaris (1905-1972)
- Yiannis Halkias
- Minas Tsoykanis
- Georgios Karagiorgos
- Manolis Karantinis
- Christos Nikolopoulos