Brad ( Tannenhof German, Hungarian Brád ) is a small town in the district of Hunedoara (Romania). The name comes from the Romanian word brad to German " fir ".
Brad is a named after the city of valley floor ( Depresiunea Brad ) on the upper reaches of the river Crisul Alb ( White yelp ), between the Bihor Mountains in the north and the Transylvanian Erzgebirge in the south. The county town is located 36 km south of Deva.
In the region of the present town mining is operated for a long time, in particular the mining of gold. The oldest archaeological findings date back to the Stone Age and the Bronze Age. From the period of the supremacy of the Roman Empire miners' settlements are occupied. In 1445, Brad was first mentioned; in 1600 it was a local administrative center. 1784 went by here the peasant uprising Horea, Closca and Crisan from. 1848 Brad was one of the centers of the Romanian revolutionaries under Avram Iancu.
Until 1918, Brad was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, under Ottoman suzerainty of Principality of Transylvania and Austria- Hungary. After the First World War came the place - like the rest of Transylvania - with Romania.
From 1927 to 1930 and finally had since 1941 or Brad has the status of a city. 1995, this was raised to the rank of municipium.
Brad is an industrial town; predominant economic sectors are mining (especially gold and coal), metal and wood processing and textile production.
In 1785, Brad had 1,499 residents. 1850 were in place 4,031 residents registered, including 3,809 Romanians and 143 Roma. In 1992 was determined to be 18,861, the highest population. As of the 2002 census, 16,482 people lived in Bradford, including about 14,000 in the city proper and about 2,500 in the five local villages. 16 021 were Romanians, 226 Hungarians, 154 Roma, 54 German and 27 others.
Brad is the terminus of a railway from Arad, operate on the daily about five pairs of trains. The continuation of the route in the direction of Deva is dismantled from Brad. Through the city's European route leads from Oradea to Thessaloniki. From their branches in Brad State 74 to Alba Iulia from. Regular bus services particularly to Deva.
- " Gold Museum "
- Museum of Ethnography
- Station Building (1896, historical monument )
- Teodor Melescanu ( b. 1941 ), Romanian politician, former foreign affairs, justice and defense ministers
Gun monument in the town center
Historical railway station