Brazilian Socialist Party
The Partido Socialista Brasileira (PSB ) is a party in Brazil with socialist- democratic orientation.
She went in 1947 out of the Esquerda Democrática, but was dissolved by the Second Institutional Act of the military government of Brazil of 1965 ( AI -2). The re-founding in 1985, under the influence taking place throughout Brazil re-democratization. From 1947 to 1964, the party was the political newspaper Folha Socialista ( Socialist Journal) out.
The emblem of the PSB is a peace dove, red and yellow are the representative colors of the party.
The party was founded in April 1947 under the leadership of João Mangabeira, Hermes Lima and Domingo Velasco.
In the Manifesto of 1947, she has turned against the personality cult of Getúlio Vargas and delimited by the Partido Comunista Brasileiro Trabalhista Brasileiro and Partido. It has established a Marxist or socialist theories, such as the nationalization of the means of production, but it had no roots in the union movement. She stood between Marxist and social democratic positions and was able to attract many intellectuals and students.
The party was still weak in the presidential election in 1950 was its candidate João Mangabeira less as 1% of the vote. You could ask only one delegate. She won her first success in Recife, where Pelopidas da Silveira was chosen as part of a left-wing coalition mayor. In São Paulo, the PSB supported President Jânio Quadros later. 1960 there came a break with Quadros and the PSB supported its counterparty Marechal Lott. As a result, radicalized the party and lost 9 of its 13 federal deputies. The PSB supported by the resignation of Jânio Quadros, Vice - President and successor, João Goulart.
After the military coup, the PSB was dissolved. Leading politicians went to jail and lost their political rights. Many members joined one of the two allowed parties, the Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (MDB ) in. In 1979, after the political opening some of the former members remained in the Partido do Movimento now PMDB mentioned Democrático Brasileiro, others joined the Partido Democrático Trabalhista (PDT ) with and others involved in the founding of the Partido dos Trabalhadores ( PT).
In 1985, the new PSB was established on the basis of the Manifesto of 1947. In the elections of 1986, she could only win a parliamentary seat. In 1989, she was associated with the PT and the Partido Comunista do Brasil ( PCdoB ) for Frente Brasil Popular, which supported the first candidate of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. José Paulo Bisol of the PSB was provided as Vice President.
Having Miguel Arraes the PSB was joined by the PMDB successful. Arraes was elected in 1994 to the Governor of Pernambuco, João Capiberibe Governor of Amapá. 1998 Ronaldo Lessa was elected governor of Alagoas. A prominent member was Luiza Erundina, former PT mayor of São Paulo.
In 2000 occurred against the will of many members of the governor of Rio de Janeiro Anthony Garotinho of PDT on the PSB. He was as a third party presidential candidate in 2002, his wife Rosinha Matheus succeeded him as governor of Rio. At the federal level, the PSB has been relatively successful with 5.3% and 22 deputies. 3 governors came from the PSB: Lessa re-elected, and Paulo Hartung in Espírito Santo and Wilma Faria in Rio Grande do Norte. In the second ballot supported the party Lula and his government got in the Office of Science and Technology Minister ( Roberto Amaral ). In 2003, the controversial Garotinho with followers of PMDB. In the 2006 elections, the PSB was even more successful, they got 6.2% and 29 deputies items, and again three governorships: Ciro Gomes in Ceará, Eduardo Campos in Pernambuco and reelected Wilma Faria. Paulo Hartung was re-elected as PMDB - man. The PSB has Lula informal support in the re-election.