British megalith architecture

The British megalithic means the customer of the megalithic cultures be erected in the British Isles, as well as the research and documentation of these systems. The case (also) used according geological demarcation criteria is considered problematic. (See megalithic culture. )

The Neolithic Britain plants are among the most versatile of prehistoric Europe. Although ( geological) demarcate megalithic installations that Earthern Long Barrows in the east of England and Scotland are counted culturally and historically to the megaliths. The small group of Medway tombs and the " Derbyshire chamber tombs " ( Five Wells ) take as megalithic copies in the East of England a special position. The north - south running boundary line of the spread of earthworks and stone installations is exceeded in some places to the east by the various Megalithanlagentypen in England and Scotland ( Mixed ).

The active space of the megalithic cultures of the region dates back to prehistoric times. Shown are numerous parallels in prehistoric architecture Ireland to the UK regions today Cornwall including the Isles of Scilly, Isle of Man, Wales and Scotland; something more difference to the facilities of England and particularly the Channel Islands. Although almost all regions have also endemic Megalithtypen, but they usually show off items (eg chamber grave by Glyn ) and shapes, which they share with one or two neighboring regions.

Exemplary in this context, the cruciform passage systems of the type Maes Howe on Orkney are ( in Ireland, for example, Knowth and Newgrange ), whose distribution extends to the Scilly Islands and Devonshire in England. In addition to the geographically favored variant wealth of Scotland also have facilities on the Scottish islands on individual characteristics.

Neolithic monuments are an expression of the culture and ideology of Neolithic societies. Their origin and function are considered as indicator of social development.


Good dated monuments such as Street House in North Yorkshire and North Hazleton in Gloucestershire point out that the primary use phase, during which continuously burials were introduced, perhaps only lasted two or three centuries. The small number of burials were found in the West Kennet Long Barrow in Wiltshire seems to confirm this.

On the other hand, the Middle Neolithic pottery in the trenches of long hills and the late dates of the herd on the forecourts of megalithic sites, such as Mona More on the Isle of Arran in that the interest of the Communities to the monuments after the last burial was maintained for centuries. The creation of sham graves as Tullow to t'Sionnaich, in Caithness leads to the same conclusion.

Primary in the South of England plants were intentionally closed. The time at which this occurred is often uncertain. The Chamber of the West Kennet Long Barrow seems to have been available for many centuries, but it was eventually filled about 2400 BC. Access blockages are often found on atria, indicating an end to the use, but the frequent presence of more than one layer indicates that the decisions were not final, making it difficult to determine the date of the final abandonment exactly. In particular, in Scotland (up to the Shetlands - Pettigarth 's Field ), there are a number of multi-period systems (English multi -period Building ), which were round by long hill ( Cairns from Camster ) or Heel -shaped Cairns, overbuilt.

It is not apparent that were built any new monuments BC after about 3000 in the south of England, although the rituals were maintained at old. In the northwest, the old tradition probably lasted longer. The conversion of a classic passage tombs to a henge monument Bryn Celli Ddu like on Anglesey shows that the traditional construction of the religious focus remained, even if already new plant types were built. Such documents, however, are not to be found anywhere. The advent of the Late Neolithic individual graves is connected with the appearance of the Bell Beaker Culture and signs of a new attitude of society. It ends in many areas, the old ideas abruptly.