British Transport Police
The British Transport Police ( BTP, Welsh: Heddlu Trafnidiaeth Prydeinig ) is the competent authority in the UK for rail traffic police. She is responsible for both the transport as well as for long-distance transport. In Northern Ireland the Police Service of Northern Ireland has also taken on this task.
The British Transport Police with their predecessors is one of the oldest police forces in the world. First units in Liverpool and Manchester are mentioned in 1830. By 1900 there were more than one hundred railway companies, of which 20 had their own police forces. With the Railways Act 1921, to the formation of four major railway companies, all of which had their own police units:
- Great Western Railway ( G.W.R. )
- London and North Eastern Railway ( L.N.E.R. )
- London, Midland and Scottish Railway ( L.M.S. )
- Southern Railway ( S.R. )
In 1949, the police from these British Transport Commission Police, which was in 1962 renamed The British Transport Police.
Structure and staff
The BTP is responsible for all operated by Network Rail routes. In addition to their area include the London Underground system, the Docklands Light Railway, which, connecting the Channel Tunnel Rail Link Kent to the Channel Tunnel, the Sunderland line of the Tyne and Wear Metro between Pelaw and South Hylton, the Midland Metro tram in South London ( Tramlink ) and the subway from Glasgow ( since 2007). Together approximately 16,000 kilometers of track with over 3,000 fixed installations have been entrusted. The monitored system carries more than one billion passengers a year alone on the main routes.
Together with the French police, it also monitors the train in the Channel Tunnel.
Other railways they can monitor only if the operator a contract signed with this BTP. The BTP is not responsible for heritage railways.
For the BTP jointly responsible are now the Department for Transport ( DfT ), the Scottish Government and the Welsh National Assembly, which, together with representatives of passenger and business organizations, the British Transport Police Authority.
The BTP decreed in November 2009 about 2,885 police officers, 218 police volunteers (Special Constables ), 327 support officers ( Police Community Support Officers ) and another 1,334 staff. Chief Constable of the British Transport Police since June 2009 Andy Trotter OBE, QPM.
The service area is the following districts ( Division ) divided (in brackets the respective seat):
- North London (London, Caledonian Road)
- South London (London, London Bridge Street)
- London Underground (London, Broadway)
- East (Leeds )
- Northwest ( Manchester )
- Scotland (Glasgow )
- Wales and West ( Birmingham)
Each district is placed under a Chief Supierindent.
In addition, the BTP Neighbourhood Policing is at (about: Neighbourhood police) involved about the safety of the local traffic be guaranteed. Each district include appropriate units. The seats of these units are:
- Scotland: Edinburgh Waverley, Glasgow Central, Glasgow Queen Street, Glasgow Subway, Stirling, Haymarket to Falkirk
- Northwest: Southport, Manchester, Wirral
- East Leeds ( West Yorkshire ), York ( East Coast Main Line), Nottingham (Robin Hood Line)
- Wales and West: Birmingham, West Midlands Cross City, Pontypridd, Newport
- London North: Euston, Kings Cross, Liverpool Street, Paddington, St Pancras
- London South: Clapham, Lewisham, London Bridge, London Bridge, First Capital Connect, Victoria, Victoria Loop, Waterloo, Richmond, Bromley
- London Underground and Dockland: Inner London Central Line and Bakerloo, Inner London District and Northern Line, Inner London Victoria and Piccadilly lines, Met, Ham and Circle Line, Central Line East, West Central Line, Central Line Northwest, District Line East, District Line West, District and Circle Line South, West Piccadilly Line, Piccadilly Line North West, North Piccadilly Line, Northern Line North, Jubilee Line East, North Jubilee Line, Docklands, East London Line Extension, Victoria Line North, Victoria and Northern Line South, Hammersmith and City Line, Bakerloo and Jubilee Line South, North Bakerloo Line, Metropolitan Line Northwest