Brunswick Records

Brunswick Records is a record label based in the United States.


Company formation / promotion

Its beginnings, the company had yet. , A subsidiary of Brunswick- Balke - Collender Company, later Brunswick Corporation, a manufacturer of sports equipment primarily This company began in 1916 with the first production of phonograph before they began marketing their first recordings. These were launched only in small quantities and only sold in Canada.

In January 1920, a new edition of Brunswick Records was launched in the U.S. and Canada. The parent company marketed the company very intense and as the company grew in just a few years to become one of the biggest record labels in the United States. 1925 took over Brunswick Vocalion Records, which was particularly known for his blues and jazz recordings. Together with the Victor Talking Machine Company and Columbia Records Brunswick Records counted among the so-called "Big Three" in the plate business.

Brunswick published in the 1920s, almost all styles of music, there was. In addition to jazz artists such as Al Jolson, Isham Jones, Ben Bernie and Abe Lyman had also classical orchestras such as the New York String Quartet, the Cleveland Orchestra and the New York Philharmonic under contract. Also, folk and old-time musicians like Frank Ferera, Buell Kazee, Dock Boggs, Mac and Bob, Vernon Dalhart, Lowe Stokes and Hoke Rice took on Brunswick plates. Less successful, the label was in the blues, although any other company called at that time was to record "race records", aimed specifically at the African American market. One of the few black groups in Brunswick were Andrew & Jim Baxter.

1926 joined the German Polyphonic Werke AG a contract with Brunswick Records on the exchange of licenses and matrices. Subsequently, plates appeared in Germany in particular with American jazz music under the trademark Brunswick- Balke, Brunswick Balcolco or Brunswick -Ba- Co. The German Patent Office rejected the word " Brunswick " without additives until 1930, because the name of a city should be freely available. Only then the label has been approved as a " traffic- known ".

Subsidiary of Warner Brothers

In April 1930, the Brunswick Corporation sold the company Brunswick Records to Warner Brothers, who hoped to be able to cope with the transition to the talkies better with the company. Under Warner Brothers a number of famous artists has been committed, including Noah Beery, Charles King, J. Harold Murray and Bing Crosby, who quickly became the biggest star of the label.

Leased to various businesses

Due to technical problems and the slump in sales as a result of depression Brunswick Records was leased to the American Record Corporation ( ARC) in December 1931. The figures continued to deteriorate and so the company was forced to the insolvent British subsidiary Brunswick Limited to sell to Decca Records.

1939 ARC was taken over by the well-known media company CBS. This ceased production of the Brunswick label in 1940. This, and not in accordance with the lease sales figures led to the dissolution of the lease agreement between Warner Brothers and ARC, or CBS. As a result, the label was sold to Decca Records USA, at the Warner Brothers was also involved.

Subsidiary of Decca Records

1944 Decca revived the Brunswick label again, mainly through new editions of earlier successes, notably Bing Crosby's hits from 1931 and jazz music of the 1920s.

Since Decca Records USA only had the naming rights to Decca in the United States, one published after the Second World War outside the U.S. under the labels Brunswick Records. Starting in 1962, became the American Decca Records Inc., a division of MCA Inc., which in 1968, the label Brunswick Records and Coral Records united under the new label MCA Records.

Notable artists who were at Brunswick 1916-1940 under contract are:

Furthermore, played Brunswick in the 1950s an important role in rock'n'roll. Some of these artists were: