Bugulma (Russian Бугульма; Tatar Бөгелмә / Bögelmä ) is a town with 89 204 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ) in the belonging to Russia Republic of Tatarstan.
- 4.1 Sons and daughters of the town
- 4.2 Other personalities
Bugulma located in the southeast of Tatarstan at the confluence of Bugulminka and Sai from the river system, the Volga River. The distance from Bugulma into the Republic capital Kazan is 333 kilometers to the northwest. Nearest towns are Leninogorsk (21 miles west) and Bawly (33 km southeast).
Bugulma was first mentioned in 1736 as a village. The place name is an old Tatar toponym, the " loop flow " literally means. In the 18th century former peasants and soldiers moved from Central Russia in Bugulma, which was used at that time as one of the guards on the way from European Russia to the newly acquired territories of Siberia. During the Pugachev peasant uprising in 1773 the site of the tsarist army served as one of the strongholds in the fight against the rebels.
1781 Bugulma received city rights, and first belonged to the province of Ufa, from 1806 to the government of Orenburg. Thanks to the convenient road links to Ufa, Orenburg and Kazan here the trade could develop, were so organized in Bugulma in the 19th century regular fairs. 1851 Bugulma was attributed to the government Samara.
Go to the top of the 20th century Bugulma had around 7500 inhabitants and already around 20 industrial enterprises, of which ten brickyards. In 1911 the city received a railroad connection in 1937 and its own commercial airport.
Middle of the 20th century were opened up in the area around Bugulma first oil fields, which the city developed in the next few decades a center of oil production. In 1979, the city had around 80,500 inhabitants.
On 26 November 1991 Bugulma hit the headlines, as when landing on the airport an Antonov passenger plane crashed, all 41 passengers were killed.
Note: Census data
Economy and Transport
As a base of a major oil producing area Bugulma is also the seat of a research institute for oil production, which is operated by Tatar energy company Tatneft. Another major industry of the city is the engineering, especially the production of oil-producing plants. In addition, in Bugulma exist among other food, textile, furniture and porcelain factories.
The regional road R239 Bugulma has a direct connection to Almetyevsk and the Russian highway M5. In the city there is also a railway station and an airport.
People who are connected to Bugulma
Sons and daughters of the town
- Alsou (* 1983), pop singer
- Olga Danilova (born 1970 ), cross-country skier
- Svetlana Schimkowa (* 1983), Women's Weightlifting
- Jaroslav Hašek (1883-1923), Czech writer; was used in 1918 during the Russian Civil War from the Soviet revolution in Bugulma as Commandant