Buiksloot is a neighborhood in Amsterdam ( province of Noord-Holland ) and was until 1921 a separate municipality. The district is located in the city of Amsterdam, Noord and in 2009 had about 1840 inhabitants
The former village Buiksloot originated in the 15th century with some wooden houses and a church. Buiksloot was a settlement of farm workers who cultivated the peaty soil for farming. End of the 12th century, a dike had already been built, which had to protect the area against the floods of the IJ. The original area of the village had been washed away by several dikes. After 1520 the village was laid out behind a new dike.
On 14 January 1916, the dike " Waterlandse Zeedijk " broke, and the floods of the Zuiderzee washed over large parts of Amsterdam Noord. The present square Buikslotermeerplein had turned into a large lake, which was sometimes up to six feet deep. On January 1, 1921, the municipality was Buiksloot, as well as the former villages Ransdorp, Nieuwendam, Sloten and Watergraafsmeer, incorporated as a city district in Amsterdam. Since 1930 Buiksloot belongs to the so-called " Tuindorpen " (literally, garden villages, are meant garden cities). By January 1930, the first 794 flats have been built.
The rents amounted to 3.25 to 6.50 guilders a week and were depending on the income of tenants. Had Buiksloot in the 1930s about 4000 inhabitants. People refer to the area between Buiksloot and Nieuwendam also " Blauwe Zand " ( Blue Clay) is called. The low-lying terrain was filled with sand, which had a bluish color, and thereby increased. The name " Blauw Zand " was also used by institutions and offices. 1937, the name was officially changed to Buiksloot. In January 2010 the " Blauwe Zand " 1890 Buiksloterdijk West 151 and Buiksloterdijk Oost also had 151 inhabitants.
In the elections for the Amsterdam municipal council in 1934 voted 80 % of the residents either communistic Partij Holland or the Sociaal - Democratic Arbeiderspartij ( SDAP ). This was a form of resistance against the inhabitants of the rise of National Socialism.
Between 1964 and 1970, many new apartments and thus the neighborhood district " spell Zuid " ( South wards ) and " spell Oost " ( spell Ost) originated in the northern part. Here sports fields were created as well as a petting zoo ( Dutch: " Kinderboerderij ", literally " children's farm "). There is a restored mill, a cemetery, a youth center and a petting zoo.