Bujumbura ( until 1962 Usumbura ) is the capital of the East African country Burundi and lies at the northern end of Lake Tanganyika. It is the largest city and the administrative and economic center of the country.
The city has an area of 87 square kilometers. For 2009, the population of the agglomeration is calculated to 1,038,857 in 1999 there were, according to census 755 994. In 1990, the population density was 456 people per km ².
Bujumbura originated from a small village after a military post, had become, under the name Marie home, in what was then German East Africa 1889. After the First World War, it became the administrative center of the Belgian League of Nations mandate over Rwanda -Urundi. The city was renamed from Usumbura in Bujumbura, Burundi in 1962 as became independent.
Since independence, Bujumbura has been the scene of numerous battles between the two largest ethnic groups in the country, the Hutu militia fought against the Tutsi - dominated army of Burundi.
Business & Traffic
Are prepared, inter alia, cement, textiles, and soap. Bujumbura is Burundi's largest ( internal ) port and shipped across Lake Tanganyika a large part of the export products of the country: coffee, cotton, hides, and tin ore.
The city has a university opened in 1960 and an international airport. There is a ferry on Lake Tanganyika by Kalemie in the Democratic Republic of Congo. A main road runs in the Rwandan capital, Kigali.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Shabani Nonda ( born 1977 ), football player from the Democratic Republic of Congo
- Nyamko Sabuni (born 1969 ), Swedish politician