Bukidnon is a province of the Philippines located in the center of the island of Mindanao. It has one of the few provinces in the island state have no access to the sea.
The capital is Malaybalay City. It is politically the district X Northern Mindanao assigned. In 2007, a total of 1,229,599 inhabitants of the province were recorded in the census.
The province borders, clockwise starting from the north, in Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte. It extends between 7 ° 21 ' and 8 ° 35' latitude and from 124 ° 03 ' to 125 ° 16' east longitude. The provincial capital, Malaybalay City is located approximately 850 kilometers south of Manila.
Topographically, the province is dominated by the mountain ranges of Mount Kimangkil, the Pantaron Mountains, the Tankulan Mountains, the Tago mountain range, the Kalatungan Mountains and the Kitanglad Mountains. Between the mountain ranges are extensive plateaus extend with vast grasslands, the rivers deep, partially canyon -like gorges have created. It has an average elevation of 912 m. The north of the province extend a series of flat undulating plateaus which are separated by deep gorges and wide valleys. The south of the province is much flatter and slowly turns into the central Mindanaobasin.
The highest mountain in the province, the Dulang - dulang is, with a summit elevation of 2,938 m and the second highest in the Philippines, followed by Kitanglad with a height of 2,899 meters and 2,824 meters high Kalatungan.
In Bukidnon, the source and the water catchment area of many large rivers are in Mindanao. The headwaters of the river include the Salug, which is a source of the river Davao. It has its catchment area in the southeast of the province, which covers an area of 388.30 km ². The Rio Grande de Mindanao is the biggest and largest river of the province, he has in the province of a catchment area of 4821.38 km ², its main tributaries are the Muelta and Maridugao. He is called in Bukidnon Pulangi and its source lies in the north of the province. The northwest is drained by the rivers of Cagayan and Tagoloan towards Mindanaosee, both have a catchment area of 2871.20 km ². To the northeast lies the source of the river Cugman, which is a tributary of the river Agusan and includes a Einzugsbiet of 212.90 km ² in the province.
Bukidnon has neither a Seeanbindung even an airport. You can reach the province only by land, for example, from Cagayan de Oro City, a major city in the neighboring province of Misamis Oriental, which has a lake and airport.
The province has an area of 10,498.59 km ², making it the eighth largest province of the Philippines.
Demography and language
According to oral traditions of indigenous Talaandig there were originally four ethnic groups in Central Mindanao: the Maranao who now live in the province of Lanao del Sur, the Magindanaon, the Manobo and the Talaandig to the east, the south and the north - central region the former province of Cotabato populated.
When the civil government the district of Central Mindanao provinces aufteilte in the early 20th century, lived in Bukidnon mainly indigenous ethnic groups. Since then, people from many other regions of the Philippines, especially immigrated from the central Philippine Visayan islands Cebu, Bohol and Iloilo. Was expanded cultural diversity Bukidnons by migrants from the northern main island of Luzon as the Ilocanos, the Batangueño, the Igorots and the Ivatans ( located in the extreme north of the Batan Islands).
Many of the indigenous people retreated with the time further and further into the mountains and forests, where they were able to preserve much of their cultural heritage to this day. Today you can find the Talaandig in the northwest, the Higaonon the north, Bukidnon to the east, the Western Bukidnon Manobo in the west and the Umayamnon, Tigwa and Matigsalug Manobo in the southeast of the province.
Despite the ethnic diversity of the introduced language Cebuano is spoken by at least 77.9 % of the residents, the local Binukid of 8.9 %, while English is used by only 0.05 % of the population. Nevertheless, the language comprehension of English is widespread.
As one of the main producers of crops Bukidnon consolidates its position as a major supplier of rice, corn, sugar, potatoes, tomatoes, cassava and many other agronomic products. In 2000, planted anywhere in Bukidnon large areas with grain and rice fields and sugar plantations.
The province also plays an important role in the cultivation of fruits and vegetables that are not sold solely on domestic markets, but also to Japan and exported to other neighboring countries. In addition, chicken, pork and beef is produced.
Bukidnon is known in the country as the " fruit basket " of the nation. Fresh pineapple, bananas, sugar cane, as well as cut flowers thrive throughout the year. Some of the new export products include rubber boots and shoes in addition also furniture from rattan, bamboo baskets, wood carvings and other handicraft products.
Bukidnon is divided into 20 administrative municipalities and 2 cities.
The administrative municipalities are in turn subdivided into a total of 464 barangays ( districts ). The province consists of 3 Congress districts plus the District of Cagayan de Oro.
- Malaybalay City
- Valencia City
- Don Carlos
- Impasug -ong
- Manolo Fortich
- San Fernando
Bukidnon has throughout the year on a relatively cool and humid climate. The North has no pronounced wet season strong, but has a short dry season of one to three months. The southern part other hand, has no drying phase and remains spared from severe and prolonged rainfall.
The province is outside the typhoon belt. The average temperature is 24,04 ° C, the lowest temperatures are ranked at 18.5 ° C, the highest at 29.6 ° C. The average rainfall is 2581.84 mm.
Bukidnon was built around 1850 to a large part of the former province of Misamis. The entire area was then with the word Malaybalay ( " little houses" ) refers to the inhabitants called Bukidnons ( " people of the mountains ").
The Philippine Commission, headed by Commissioner Dean C. Worcester parliamentary struck on August 20, 1907 before the secession of the province of Misamis Bukidnons. On September 1, 1914, with the Phil Com. Act No 1693 arranged the appointment of the province of Agusan with the sub- province of Bukidnon.
To its own regular Bukidnon province was on 10 March 1917 Entry into force of Act No. 2711 by the Department of Mindanao and Sulu.
The province has numerous natural attractions such as waterfalls, lakes, caves, high mountains, deep gorges and canyons due to its mountainous location. There live in the province of numerous indigenous peoples who have preserved their own culture. Nature offers the flora and fauna excellent conditions to develop a unique biodiversity, Bukidnon is considered a biodiversity hotspot in the Philippines.
- The Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park in North Central Bukidnon
- The Mount Kalatungan Range Natural Park
- The Pulangi River
- The Sumalsag Cave and the Alalum waterfalls in Sumilao
- The Pinamaloy Lake in Don Carlos and the Lake Apo in Guinoyoran
- The Luan - Luan Pool in Quezon
- The MGM Mountain Resort in Maramag
- The Talaandig Ancestral Territory in Lanpatan
- The largest flowering plant in the Philippines, the Rafflesia Schadenbergiana in Baungon
- The Napalit Lake in Pangantucan
- The 646 -meter-high active volcano Musuan
- The comparison Overview & Nature Park and Gue 's Garden in Quezon
- The mountain Pigtayuan in Damulog