Bureau of Meteorology
The Bureau of Meteorology is an executive arm of the Federal Government of Australia and responsible for the preparation of weather forecasts for Australia and the surrounding areas.
The Office was established in 1906 by the Meteorology Act, with which the meteorological services have been unified, which existed in the states and territories before. The state handed over the responsibility for the recording of the weather at the Bureau of Meteorology officially from 1 January 1908.
Services and construction
The Bureau of Meteorology is the Minister for Environment, Heritage and the Arts presents and the main creator of the weather forecast, weather alerts, and weather observations to the Australian public. The Bureau disseminated weather reports on weather fax and is responsible for issuing flood warnings for Australia.
The headquarters of the Institute is in the Melbourne Docklands. There is also the research center, the National Meteorological and Oceanographic Centre, the National Climate Centre and the Department of Hydrology and satellites.
Regional offices are located in the capitals of the states and territories. Each regional office has a regional forecast center (Regional Forecasting Centre) and a ( Flood Warning Centre). The regional office in Perth, Darwin and Brisbane are also home to a Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre in each case. In the office Adelaide The center also housed the prediction of the tide in Darwin is the seat of the warning center before the failure of volcanic ash.
The Australian Bureau of Meteorology is responsible for the naming of tropical cyclones in the waters around Australia. In previous years, a separate list was used for each of the warning centers, these three lists were at the start of the cyclone year 2008-2009 combined to form a list of the names of tropical cyclones.
The regional offices are supported by the National Meteorological and Oceanographic Centre ( NMOC ), the research organization of the office, which also has its headquarters in Melbourne.
The climatological department is the National Climate Centre (NCC ), and there are departments of Hydrology and the Satellite section. In addition, the Weather Service maintains a network of weather stations across the continent, on the neighboring islands and Antarctica, added more than 500 paid observers and about 6000 volunteers who report rainfall.