Buriram Province

Buriram ( Thai: จังหวัด บุรีรัมย์ ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the northeast region of Thailand, known as Isan. The provincial capital is also called Buriram Buriram.

Governor of the province is Mr. Thongchai Lue - Adun ( Thai: นาย ธงชัย ลือ อดุลย์ ). Senator for the province of Buriram is Mr. Thaweesak Khidbanjong.

  • 3.2 Data
  • 3.3 employment
  • 3.4 dams
  • 4.1 Air Traffic
  • 4.2 Rail
  • 4.3 bus
  • 5.1 universities
  • 5.2 Colleges
  • 6.1 Health Facilities
  • 7.1 demographics
  • 7.2 ethnicities and dialects


The province is located in the southern part of the Khorat Plateau on the border with Cambodia. There are numerous extinct volcanoes. In the south, the Phanom Malai Mountains, which form a natural border to Cambodia rise.

Approximately 60 % of the area of the province is used for agriculture, 5% is forest area.

Major cities

  • Buriram
  • Nang Rong

Important rivers

  • Maenam Mun ( Mun River )
  • Maenam Chi ( chi flow )


The climate is tropical and monsunal, with summer temperatures around 37 ° C and winter nighttime temperatures of 8 ° C.


The area of Buriram was during the reign of the Khmer obviously an important province, numerous beautiful temples lay them today witness. Between the early 9th to the 13th century ruled here, the dynasty of Madharapura. In the course of displacement of the Khmer from the present territory of Thailand in the 13th and 14th centuries Buriram fell to the Kingdom of Ayutthaya.

Economic importance and

The Buriram province has a total of 951 wetlands covering an area of ​​564.3 km ², which are more or less intensively used for agriculture. The main source of income is the cultivation of rice. In addition, cattle and water buffalo are bred and jute, silk and tapioca produced or grown.

In the wake of the Asian crisis in 1997, the economy of the province of Buriram was affected, but not all sectors equally. The effects were, however, only in 1999 and 2000 noted that Gross Provincial Product ( GPP) fell during these years back below the level of 1995. Then the GPP slowly recovers. See also adjacent graph.

The Gross Provincial Product before, during and after the Asian crisis in 1997 ( at current market prices ).

Data from the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board ( NESDB ):


Data from the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board ( NESDB ):


In the province of Buriram live and people are still working mainly in the agricultural environment, it worked in 1990, 88.6 % of all over 15 years in the agricultural sector and 10 years later in 2000 it was 84% just under 5% less.

The employment status in% saw in 2000 as follows: 0.4 % were employers, 33.5 % were -alone, 17.4% were employees and entire 48.7% were unpaid family workers.


  • Lam Nang Rong - Dam southwest of the provincial capital of Buriram at the village of Ban Non Din Daeng, Amphoe Non Din Daeng: the 23 m high and 1,500 meters long dam is used for irrigation in the area.



  • Buriram Airport ( Thai: ท่าอากาศยาน บุรีรัมย์; ICAO code: VTUO )

The airport is located about 30 kilometers north-east from the center of Buriram away and can be reached by taxi or tuk tuk.

Rail traffic

The Buriram province has several stations, they are through the Northeast Line Bangkok - Ubon Ratchathani connected the Thai State Railways ( State Railway of Thailand SRT):

Furthermore, connects the Northeast line with Nakhon Ratchasima Buriram Surin on the west and the east


There are several Fernbusbahnhöfe in the province of Buriram

  • Buriram Bus Terminal
  • Nang Rong bus terminal


The Buriram Province decreed in 2006 over 874 schools with 13,064 teachers and 297,637 students. According to NSO 1990 visited only 42.4 % and in 2000 only 58.9% of 6-24 year olds the school.


  • Rajabhat University Buri Ram ( มหาวิทยาลัย ราชภัฎ บุรีรัมย์ )
  • Ramkhamhaeng University - Regional Campus ( มหาวิทยาลัย รามคำแหง )


  • Buriram Polytechnic College
  • Buriram Agriculture and Technology College
  • Buriram Technical College
  • Buriram Agriculture College
  • Satuek Industrial and Community Education College
  • Nangrong Industrial and Community Education College


In the province there are 26 hospitals with 163 doctors, 1137 nurses, 1,745 hospital beds, plus 42 dentists. (2006 )

Health facilities

  • Buriram hospital
  • Akkachon Buriram Hospital
  • Nang Rong hospital
  • Nai phàt Surachet hospital
  • Satuek hospital



In 1990, the province of Buriram numbered 1.3571 million million inhabitants, ten years later, there were 1.4934 million million inhabitants, with an average age of 27.3 years. The 1.4 million inhabitants divided in 2000 into 351,500 households with an average household size of 4.2 persons, 5.3 % of households were single-person households. 2000, there were about 14 % of people in urban areas, the largest percentage lived in Buriram, Lam Plai Mat and Nangrong

Approximately 94 % of households by 2000 Buriram owned their own home, 89.7 % had a own TV but only 38.7 % were cooking with gas or electric stoves. The Sanitary connection and (drinking) water supply were present in about 93 & of households.

The population breakdown by age group is in the classes from 0 to 35 years with a share farther divided age group of 8.5 & to 9.1% largely homogeneous, otherwise it looks in the older age classes, the proportion of 50-54 year-old is only 4.8% of the 70-74 year only 1.6 % of the total population of the Buriram Province .. the age classes are each divided into 5 -year cycles. The breakdown by gender is largely homogeneous, in the province lived in the year 2000 744.910 people male and 748 449 female persons. This can be reflected both in the cities and the rural areas. Also in relation to the various counties there is no whipping deviations.

Ethnicities and dialects

The Buriram province is home to a number of different ethnic groups: Thai Khmer, Lao, Thai Korat and Suay. Accordingly, there are different dialects: Thai Isan (Lao ), Thai Khmer (Khmer ), Thai Korat (Korat accent ), Thai Suay ( Suay ). About 28 % of the population in Buriram speak Thai Khmer and only about 0.1 % speak Isaan


  • Prasat Hin Khao Phanom Rung ( ปราสาท หิน พนม รุ้ง ) - huge and very beautiful rock temple from the 12th century on a 400 m high extinct volcanic cone with a magnificent view of the flat landscape to Cambodia; the system is called " Angkor Wats little brother ". A temple festival is held every April.
  • Prasat Hin Mueang Tam ( ปราสาท เมือง ต่ำ ) - not far from Phanom Rung, dates from the 11th century and has carved Khmer-style lintels and a laterite wall.
  • Khao Kradong ( วนอุทยาน เขา กระโดง ) - Large Buddha statue on a mountain, about 15 kilometers outside the provincial capital.
  • Tao Sawai / Tao Nai Chian - kilns from the 9th to the 12th century in an ancient Khmer settlement ( in Amphoe Ban Kruat )
  • Prang Ku Suan Daeng ( ปรางค์กู่ สวน แตง ) - Amphoe Phutthaisong, 3 Khmer Prang of brick and mortar with intricately carved doors, representing scenes from the Ramakien
  • Pet Thong cave in the district Pakham
  • Phra Mahathat Srithamenchai Lam Plai Mat district, a Replica of Phanom Prathat
  • Nature Conservation and National Parks: Forest Park Phu Khao Fai Kradong
  • Dong Yai Wildlife Reserve
  • Ta Phraya National Park ( Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ ตาพระยา ) - together with Sa Kaeo, area 594 km ²

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the province shows the famous sandstone temple Phanom Rung, which carries a Hindu shrine to Shiva Pendant from the 9th to 12th century. The shrine was opened after the subjugation of the Khmer by the Kingdom of Ayutthaya no longer in use and later as a historical park.

The local flower is the Yellow Cotton Tree ( Cochlospermum regium ) in Thai Fai Kham or Supanika from the kind of worm seed trees and the local tree is the Rosenkassie ( Cassia grandis).

The motto of the province of Buriram is:

Administrative units

The Buriram province is divided into 23 districts ( Amphoe ). The counties are further subdivided into 188 communes ( tambon) and 2546 villages ( Muban ).

In the province there are two cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Nang Rong ( เทศบาล เมือง นางรอง ) and Buriram ( เทศบาล เมือง บุรีรัมย์ ). In addition, there are 35 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).

The administrative organization of the province of Buriram Buriram Provincial Administration Organization has, as its president is Karuna Chitchop.