The Burrard Inlet is a during the Weichsel ice age (Wisconsin glaciation ) incurred fjord in the far southwest of the Canadian province of British Columbia. It separates the City of Vancouver and the rest of the flat Burrard Peninsula in the south where West Vancouver, the City of North Vancouver and District of North Vancouver are from the slopes of the North Shore Mountains.
Captain George Vancouver named in June 1792 the fjord to his friend Sir Harry Burrard. From the Spanish explorer Francisco de Eliza y Reventa the bay was in his expedition in 1791 already Brazo de Florida Blanca, named after a fellow Spanish statesman, named.
For over a thousand years here living the Indian tribes of the Squamish and the Tsleil - Waututh, both of which belong to the group of Salish.
The fjord is almost exactly in the east of the Strait of Georgia to Port Moody, both banks are dominated urban. After about two-thirds of its length branches off to the north from a side arm, the Indian arm. From Point Atkinson and Point Grey in the west to Port Moody in the east of the fjord is about 25 kilometers long, the Indian Arm extends over 20 kilometers in the Coast Mountains into it. At its widest point the Burrard Inlet is approximately three kilometers wide.
Three bridges cross the Burrard Inlet. These are the Lions Gate Bridge ( built in 1925 ), the Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing (1960) and the Second Narrows Bridge to the railway line of the Canadian National Railway. Between Vancouver and North Vancouver SeaBus - the ferry beyond.
The calm, protected by the Burrard Peninsula from the open sea waters is the most important part of the port of Vancouver and is easily accessible even for large cargo ships. While some coastal areas of residential and commercial zones are lined, but it clearly dominate industrial zones with port facilities, rail yards, terminals for container and bulk carriers, grain elevators, and ( at the eastern end ) oil refineries.
Along the main fjord remained some forest areas preserved in their original state. The shores of Indian Arm, however, are so steep that they have not been built, despite the relative proximity to a big city to this day.