BYD Auto

BYD Auto Company Limited, in short: BYD Auto is a car manufacturer in Shenzhen, Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China and a subsidiary of BYD Company Ltd.. The company is one of the largest car producers in China and listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.

BYD is the acronym for: build your dreams.


In January 2003, until then specialized in the manufacture of batteries BYD company bought the ailing, state-owned automobile manufacturer Xi'an Tsinchuan Auto Co., Ltd.. This corporate branch subsequently traded as a subsidiary under BYD Auto Co. Ltd..

With the purchase of the state-owned company it was BYD less about the acquisition of technical know -how as to the state license for the automotive industry, which was at that time usually given only in the context of joint ventures. First, the production of the unsuccessful micro-car was taken flyers and continued under the name BYD Flyer. However, the model remained largely unnoticed with low sales figures.

In the following years, the company avoided the faster way of using under license of global corporations, but continued long term in-house developments. It came first - as with other Chinese companies - in a first phase to replicas of foreign car brands: In our own research and development centers selected models from other manufacturers were disassembled, all patented components replaced by custom -house developments and put together a new model again. Such was the end of 2005, developed BYD F3 a high degree of imitation of the Toyota Corolla and published in 2010 BYD M6 externally very similar to the Toyota Previa. This procedure allowed a fast learning process that led to the development of proprietary technologies: As early as 2007 had the auto companies already more than 2000 patents on proprietary developments.

In contrast to most other car manufacturers that rely on products of the supplier industry, BYD Auto produces most of the components themselves; this, in addition to engines, transmissions, control and braking systems and the entire vehicle electronics are even windshield wipers, seat belts, airbags and CD player. ( Only tires, car glass and a few components of a general nature to be procured outside the group. )

The required labor-intensive ( and for Western companies to costly ) in-house production of many components in relatively small numbers was made possible by production processes that practiced the parent company, BYD already in the battery manufacturing: The sequential sections in production could by means of a highly detailed description of the workflow so strong be reduced, that young people are set low and even none at vocational qualification. This allows a semi-automatic production of car parts, which are qualitatively the ( other manufacturers usually ) made ​​of industrial robots products comparable, however, conditionally, can be offered more cheaply in China by the given low wages.

In May 2010, BYD signed with Daimler AG signed a cooperation agreement, which has the construction of an electric car to the goal.

To improve the continued independence of suppliers and to achieve a largely self-sufficient production process acquired BYD Auto on 10 March 2010 by the Japanese company Ogihara Corp.. a factory for the manufacture of vehicle parts archetypes. At the same advanced BYD Auto permanent its research and development centers, where some 10,000 scientists are working on now four locations today.

This promoted in a second phase transition and new developments. The result was innovative vehicles such as the BYD F3DM is the first hybrid vehicle in China, BYD e6 of an electric car, which is mainly as a taxi in use worldwide, as well as the BYD already in use in Europe in scheduled service ebus.

2010 about 500,000 vehicles have been produced.

In the summer of 2011 were released in the sales area of 2,600 employees in 1800. In addition, in September 2011, plans were announced that the number of employees is to be reduced in the automotive sector. The company denied this, saying of restructuring measures.

The same year saw BYD Auto - like all Chinese car brands - a drop in sales; 2011 less than 449,000 units were sold in 2012, 456,000.

According to market observers introduced by BYD CEO Wang Chuan -fu restructuring in the summer of 2013 have been completed. In this case, the dealer network was scaled down in China to 800 stores. The costs associated with the layoffs savings also served to cover the losses of the Group's photovoltaic area. ( These were caused by a fall in prices for these products, which ultimately contributed to the crisis of the European solar industry. )

The Office of Technology Assessment at the German Bundestag confirmed in a report on the future of the automotive industry, the company BYD Auto a high degree of integration and a high degree of vertical integration in the field of electric vehicle batteries necessary for production.

On 29 March 2012, the company has a security certificate for the loading facilities of its electric vehicles BYD BYD e6 ebus and received from TÜV Rheinland, that the targeted marketing of these products easier on the European and American market. That same year, BYD expanded its business operations into the production of forklift trucks. On a reclaimed area in the Industrial Park was built on 100,000 m2 Shaoguan factory with a production capacity of 50,000 vehicles per year. The first prototypes were shown in Germany at LogiMAT 2013. From 2014, the marketing in Europe is to take place.

Today, BYD Auto has seven major production sites in Xi'an, Beijing, Pingshan, Huizhou, Shanghai, Changsha and Shaoguan and one of the largest automobile manufacturers in China.


  • BYD Flyer (2003-2008)
  • BYD F0
  • BYD F3 ( notchback )
  • BYD F3 -R ( Hatchback )
  • BYD G3 ( notchback, extended )
  • BYD L3 ( notchback, upscale amenities )
  • BYD F3DM (hybrid vehicle, 2008-2013)
  • BYD Qin (hybrid vehicle) Since 2013
  • BYD F6 ( resemblance to the Honda Accord )
  • BYD S8 (Coupe, 2010-2011, ( similar to the Mercedes -Benz SL (front ) and the Renault Megane CC ( tail )))
  • BYD e6 (crossover electric car )
  • BYD S6 (SUV with conventional internal combustion engine)
  • BYD M6 ( similar to the Toyota Previa )
  • BYD ebus (also: BYD K9, a battery bus, which is used in China and in the Netherlands in airline service. )
  • Different models with electric motor up to a capacity of 3.5 tons

Green City Solution

Designed by the Company Concept Green City Solution is a technologically based calculations with a draft plan to electrify the transport in cities. The previously used buses and taxis ( with diesel or gasoline engines) by purely electrically powered vehicle ( BYD e6 and BYD ebus ) should be replaced. BYD occupied in 2010 thanks to this concept 8th place in a ranking of the Boston Consulting Group, in which the most innovative companies in the world were excellent.

Chinese cities are associated with significant air pollution, which is contributed by the growing motorization. According to the concept, there are in China today over 30 million passenger cars, of which about 1.2 million taxis and beyond 500,000 buses. Therefore, the company looks for these vehicles a large savings potential in terms of fuel consumption and exhaust gases produced. If you were to replace all the taxis and buses in China by electric vehicles, this would have (according to this concept ) has the same effect as retrofitting 27 million conventional cars with internal combustion engines to electric cars.

The concept of Green City Solution will not only reduce CO2 emissions through the use of electric vehicles. Rather, the required power from solar and wind turbines to ( the company) produced, stored in BYD battery storage power stations and transmitted to a greenfield network of charging stations in the cities. The study of group expects to be able to reduce both pollution in the cities as well as the operating costs of buses and taxis around a third with these measures.

Green City Solution fits into initiated by the government modernization campaigns by electric buses have driven the replacement of diesel engines with city buses to the destination. Industry insiders expect an annual domestic demand from 50,000 to 150,000 vehicles of this type. Moreover, the government has adopted a deposited with subsidies economic plan in 2009, after the People's Republic is to be the worldwide market leader for electric buses.


BYD e6 - electric car as taxis in Shenzhen, China

BYD ebus in Bonn (2013 )

BYD Qin at the Auto Shanghai 2013