C. W. Alcock
Charles William Alcock ( born December 2, 1842 in Sunderland, England; † February 26, 1907 ) was an English footballer and sports official. He was one of the most prominent forces in the early temporal evolution of both the football and the cricket sport and called especially the FA Cup to life.
Originally born in Sunderland in the north- east of England Alcock moved at a young age in the south of the country. There he attended the Harrow School, was very involved in the local school football team and founded in 1859 with his older brother, John, the " Forest Football Club ," which its games in Epping Forest - in the north- east London - fought out and in his way of playing the so-called " Dribbling game " prescribed. In 1863, he was crucial to the emergence of successor Association of Forest - the " Wanderers Football Club" - responsible mainly of graduates of Harrow School ( " Old Harrovians " ) was composed. As a player, even Alcock was known as a strong -running center forward who had a clear shot. In his only international match he led the English national team on March 6, 1875 against Scotland as captain and scored a goal in this game.
The influence of the Football Association Football Association ( "FA" ) was limited in the early days to organizing games between teams from different counties. This changed fundamentally, as Alcock, who was then working as a union secretary of the FA, proposed on 20 July 1871 that it would be desirable to call under the umbrella of the Football Federation a competition in life, should be invited to their participation in all members of the FA. In order for the world's first national football tournament was born, which - as the competitions in the Harrow School - on a simple knockout system (ie, that the respective loser of a game in the battle for the tournament win ) based. At the 1872 inaugural tournament was attended by fifteen teams and Alcock won this as a team captain of the Wanderers.
Alcocks additional attention in the fact that he wanted to develop the interests of the FA in Scotland and in accordance with the FA- Minutes of October 3, 1872 for this purpose made the decision to send a British team during the current season to Glasgow that there was a should deliver against Scotland. The result was the world's first international match, which took place on 30 November 1872 between England and Scotland.
Only due to an injury Alcock was unable to participate in the 0-0 draw at Hamilton Crescent in Partick and was instead as one of two " Umpires " is active, who were responsible for the compliance with the rules in each of the game halves ( and later as " Linesman " have been moved behind the side line). The task of the English team captain fell in this game, Cuthbert Ottaway.
During his association career, which he began in 1866 in the Committee of the FA and continued as secretary 1870-1895, Alcock was to conclude with honorary treasurer and vice president. He was the referee FA Cup finals 1875-1879 and also worked as a journalist, where he published an annual football book, especially since 1868.
In addition to the football Alcock was very influential in cricket. He served from 1872 until his death in 1907 the Surrey County Cricket Club as club secretary, played even though only a single first-class game without any success. As in football, he organized in 1880 with the match against Australia in Kennington Oval, the first test match in England. He founded in 1882 the highly successful magazine Cricket and was the editor of the famous James Lillywhite 's Cricketers ' Annual.
- Football: The Association Game. George Bell & Sons, London 1906 (PDF, 3.4 MB).
- Football functionary (England)
- National football team (England)
- Cricketer (England)
- Born in 1842
- Died in 1907