Cachar ( Bengali: কাছাড় Kachar [ katʃ aɽ ʰ ], Assamese: কাছাৰ Kachar [ kasar ] ) is a district in the Indian state of Assam. Council is based in Silchar, the second largest city of Assam.
Cachar is in the Barak Valley in southern Assam. The district is bounded on the northwest by the state of Meghalaya (District Jaintia Hills ), on the north by the District of Dima Hasao, on the east by the state of Manipur ( districts Tamenglong and Churachandpur ), to the south by the state of Mizoram ( districts Aizawl and Kolazib ) and in southwest to the districts Halakandi and Karimganj. In the West, the state border to Bangladesh.
The district has an area of Cachar 3,783 square kilometers. Most of the district area presents itself as flow plane from Barak or Surma, a tributary of the Meghna, drained. In the north, east and south, mountains rise. Geographically, the Barak Valley as an extension of the flood plains of East Bengal ( Bangladesh ) is to be seen while it is isolated from the rest of Assam by the Barail Mountains.
Cachar was in earlier times part of the Kachari kingdom. The Kachari Rajas who belonged to the ethnic group of Dimasa, had their capital originally further north in Dimapur. After the conquest Dimapurs by the Ahom withdrew the vanquished their capital in the mountain country after Maibong in today's district Dima Hasao. 1706 also Maibong was occupied by the Ahom rulers Rudra Singh. Then crossed the Kacharis Barail the mountains and settled in the plain around Khaspur. 1790 the ruling family known to Hinduism. 1819 conquered the westward expanding Burma the Kachari kingdom and forced its ruler Gobind Chandra to flee. After the British, who ruled now over Bengal, the Birmaner in the First Anglo - Burmese War (1824-1826) had defeated, they put Gobinda Chandra again. After this had died in 1830 without heirs, his territory was in 1832 according to the Doctrine of lapse to the British. The northern part of the former kingdom was meanwhile was under the control of a usurper named Tularam. 1854 the area was annexed by the British.
The newly acquired territory was annexed as a district Cachar in Assam province of British India. With the independence of India in 1947, the district became part of the Indian state of Assam. Here, the district received the eastern parts of the district of Sylhet, in the course of the partition of India between India and Pakistan ( East Pakistan, today's Bangladesh) was divided. 1951 originated from the populated mainly by tribal peoples mountain areas in the north of the district of Cachar and parts of the adjoining districts of Sivasagar, Nagaon and Khasi and Jaintia Hills district of the United Mikir and North Cachar Hills. This was in the districts of North Cachar Hills (now Dima Hasao ) and Mikir Hills ( Karbi Anglong today ) divided 1970. 1983 split from the district Karimganj as an independent district of Cachar, 1989 saw the district Hailakandi.
According to the Indian census of 2011, the district Cachar has 1,736,319 inhabitants. In terms of population, it is the fourth largest district of Assam. Compared to the last 2001 census, the population was 20.2 percent, which was slightly faster than in the central Assam grew ( 16.9 percent). The population density is 459 inhabitants per square kilometer above the average of the state (397 inhabitants per square kilometer). 18.2 percent of the residents of District Cachar live in cities. The degree of urbanization is slightly higher than the average of Assam ( 14.1 per cent). The literacy ratio, which was 74.6 percent of the average for the state ( 73.2 percent).
The Barak valley, Cachar to the part, has by its geographical location on historically and culturally strong links to Bengal. So is the predominant language Bengali, which is in the district of Cachar, as well as in the other two districts in the Barak Valley next to the Assamese at the district level as an official language. According to the 2001 census put the district Cachar Hindus 61.4 percent, the majority of the population. In addition, there is a larger Muslim population of 36.1 per cent and a smaller Christian minority of 2.2 percent.