Cadi (Swiss region)
Cadi ( feminine, [ kɐdi ]? / I ) denotes the landscape on both sides of the Anterior Rhine around Disentis in the upper Surselva in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.
The Cadi is the region between the Oberalp Pass to the west and Breil / Brigels in the east. The name is derived from Casa Dei, the " house of God" and refers to the monastery of Disentis.
The region is divided into two areas: above the Russein ravine the core area, the Sursassiala ( " above the stone ") with Disentis / Muster, Medel ( Lucmagn ) and Sedrun, lies " beneath the stone " is the Sutsassiala with Sumvitg, Trun and Breil / Brigels. After 1185, the Peter Bach formed east of the eastern boundary Tavanasa the Cadi.
Main language in the Cadi, with the exception of the Walser village Obersaxen the Romansh idiom Sursilvan.
Emerged the Cadi is the year 765 by the will of the Bishop Tello from the former territory of the abbey of Disentis in the reign Churrätien.
1285 entered the house of God people the Cadi first time with its own seal; the first Landammann 1371 occupied. 1401 acquired the court community, the umbrella advocacy of the monastery. 1803 Cadi was dissolved as a monastic territory, but remained as a court community " Cumin backgrond Disentis » unchanged until 1851. 1854, the four Cuorts (administrative courts, Lower courts) were disbanded and incorporated into the political communities.