The Cairngorms National Park (English Cairngorms National Park, gaelic Üghdarras Pairc Nàiseanta a ' Mhonaidh Ruaidh ) is the largest and second youngest of the fifteen National parks of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Its area is 3800 km ².
Following the adoption of a new law for the protection of the landscape in the Scottish Parliament, it was founded in September 2003 as one of two national parks on Scottish territory.
The National Park in the Central Highlands is dominated by the mountains of the Grampian Mountains. The wild landscape with its heathery mountains and the deep black lakes, the inaccessible swamps and green forests transform into a unique natural scenery. Large parts of the site are not accessible transport links.
Its boundaries begin in Grantown -on-Spey in the north to Ballater in the east to the valley bottoms of the Angus Glens in the south to about Dalwhinnie and Drumochter in the West. In the southwest it includes large portions of Kinloch Laggan. The highest peak of Ballater in the east and Kingussie and Aviemore in the west. The highest point is Ben MacDhui with 1,310 m. Although two roads lead near the boundary line from west to east or from the west to the south, but there is no road access to the center of the park. The site can therefore be reached only on foot. Southeast, at Braemar is a popular tourist attraction, the Balmoral Castle.
Management of the National Park
All administrative, scientific and forestry affairs, conservation and beautification measures, conservation and safeguarding of cultural heritage of the National Park, as well as information deployments and educational work on nature protection are at the " Caingorms National Park Authority ", a government department.
About 25,000 red deer roam the forests and heaths of the park. West of the River Spey and Japanese sika deer occur, have not been the indigenous, but can cross with the red deer. Therefore, the park administration tries to prevent the animals spread to areas east of the Spey. A special attraction is the half-wild reindeer herd, which comprises about 130 to 150 animals. In addition, deer, wild cats, otters, badgers, martens, squirrels, grouse, golden eagles and ospreys come wildlebend before the national park.