Caldas da Rainha
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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Caldas da Rainha, is a Portuguese city located in the Centro Region located in the subregion Oeste and belongs to the historic province of Estremadura.
The Caldas often only mentioned in everyday city is known for its thermal baths and for its ceramics. The nation widespread ceramic figure of Zé Povinho come from here.
- 5.1 Highway
- 5.2 transport
Queen D.Leonor to 1484, coming from Óbidos, have bathed on the advice of the local population in the foul-smelling warm mineral springs. Henceforth convinced of the healing power of water, they sold personal jewelry and some land to build a hospital here in 1503. All around was what we today place that owes its name to this history. ( Caldas da Rainha, port. for: thermal baths of Queen ). The royal family took advantage of the spa afterwards very frequently, and the place took some recovery. 1511 brought King D.Manuel I. Caldas da Rainha for ( Vila ) ( small town with administrative privileges).
In 1821 it was seat of an independent circuit. Later in the 19th century, the hot springs have been an increasingly popular destination of the coming prosperity to middle-class families. In addition, the local clay deposits favored the settlement of ceramic factories. These are, in particular, the creations of Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro in the Fábrica de Faianças the Caldas da Rainha 1884-1907. Use the increasing dispersal of industries grew, so did the population. Caldas da Rainha was raised in 1927 to the city ( Cidade ).
Culture and sights
In addition to the thermal baths, the beaches (about Foz do Arelho ), and the city forest Rainha D. Leonor Mata, even Mata da Rainha (German: Forest Queen ), called also the many Art Nouveau facades of the city for visitors. Caldas da Rainha yet not belonging to the tourist busy places, even though tourism has grown in importance. The bullring, some mansions and town houses, the daily market on the central Praça da República, and some religious buildings are more attractive destinations.
Among the museums in the city include several art museums, some former sons of the city, the Museu José Malhoa. Mention should also be opened in 1985, the Atelier- Museu António Duarte, the Atelier- Museu João Fragoso 1994, and in 2004 by President Jorge Sampaio inaugurated Museu Barata Feyo. These and other, partly as open-air exhibitions functioning institutions, are incorporated in the Centro de Artes, a konzipiertem as a museum or park arts district complex. For this purpose, the city since 2006 with the Centro Cultural e de Congresos de Caldas da Rainha with modern culture and congress center. Since 1997, the students of art and design school Escola Superior de Artes e Design the Caldas da Rainha host that belongs to the University of Applied Sciences Instituto Politécnico de Leiria, who find Caldas Late Night, in which a variety of exhibitions and events in the city streets instead.
Other well-known museums are the bicycle museum Museu do Ciclismo, the Museu Hospital Termal, and is located by the city park Dom Carlos Ceramics Museum Museu da Cerâmica, including by a collection of azulejos of the 16th century and Art Nouveau ceramics can be seen.
The city is a focus of badminton in Portugal. So here is the Portuguese Badminton Association Federação Portuguesa de Badminton his seat, and the Portuguese power center (Centro de Alto Rendimento CAR) for badminton is here. A variety found national and international competitions and are held here, such as the Portuguese Badminton Championship 2013 Helvetia Cup 2003, which Portugal International, 2013, or the last tournament of the Plume d'Or 1994.
The first professional football club founded in 1916 Mr. Football and Futsal Club Caldas Sport Clube played meanwhile in the Second Portuguese league. In the 2013/14 season it occurs in the Série F to the third division, the Campeonato Nacional de Seniores. Their home games she wears in the 13,000 -seat Campo da Mata from.
From 24 to 27 October here found the Youth Orienteering Championships, 2013.
Caldas da Rainha is the seat of an eponymous district ( concelho ) in the district of Leiria. June 30, 2011 had the circle 51 645 inhabitants in an area of 255.7 km ².
The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Caldas da Rainha:
- A dos Francos
- Carvalhal Benfeito
- Foz do Arelho
- Nossa Senhora do Pópulo ( municipality of Caldas da Rainha )
- Salir de Matos
- Salir do Porto
- Santa Catarina
- Santo Onofre ( municipality of Caldas da Rainha )
- São Gregório
- Serra do Bouro
In addition, the following Town twinning in Initiation:
- France France: Cambo- les- Bains
- Belgium: Dinant
- Cape Verde Cape Verde: Ribeira Grande
- France France: Le Raincy
- Spain: Coria
- United States United States: Perth Amboy
- Angola Angola: Lubango
- Spain: Badajoz
The train station of Caldas da Rainha is located on the railway line Linha do Oeste. The city has several connection points to the A8 motorway.
The city is part of the nationwide bus network of speech Expressos.
Weekdays 7:30 to 19:30, Saturday 8:00 to 13:30, circulate approximately every fifteen minutes the minibuses of urban TOMA - bus lines. There are three distinct color lines ( azul / blue, verde / green and laranja / orange), a ticket costs 1.10 euros, even various subscriptions, multiple tickets and season tickets are available. The project will be expanded later and aims to a better relief and reassurance downtown by public transport.
Other regional bus services provides, inter alia, the private Rodoviária do Tejo - transport company.
Since 2009, the bike sharing system Rainhas Bike Sharing exists in the city with currently (summer 2013) of 16 stations on loan and return.
Sons and daughters of the town
- José Malhoa (1855-1933), painter
- Raul Proença (1884-1941), librarian, writer, journalist and intellectual
- António Montes (1896-1967), writer and journalist
- António Duarte (1912-1998), sculptor
- João Fragoso (1913-2000), sculptor
- Cremilda Gil (* 1927), actress
- José da Cruz Policarpo (* 1936), Cardinal Patriarch of Lisbon
- Armando Correia (1936-2008), ceramic artist
- João Nuno da Silva Cardoso Lucas ( born 1979 ), football player
- Ana Sofia Reboleira ( born 1980 ), biologist and Speläologin
- Ricardo António da Silva Ferreira ( b. 1982 ), beach soccer player
- Gomo, Pop
- Mário Vieira ( * 1988), football player
- Gastão Elias (* 1990), tennis player