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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / No Freguesia
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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Caminha is a small town ( Vila ) and a circle (Portuguese Municipio or concelho ) in Portugal. The district has an area of 137.4 km ² and has 16,630 inhabitants (as of 30 June 2011).
Findings (including Antas ) occupy a prehistoric settlement of the area. The settled here Romans left traces, including bridges and Roman road sections. Since the 5th century AD, the site is documented as Camenae or Camina. Ferdinand I ( Leon) made the place in 1060 as the seat of a mini Caput county. Even after the independence of the Kingdom of Portugal from 1139 remained significant than the border town of Caminha. King D.Dinis built the fortifications of the place of further and gave Caminha 1284 first town rights. Until the 16th century, the strategic importance of the place stopped, who received his impetus for development in particular through fishing and trade by sea and river.
Culture and sights
Among the numerous monuments of the circle include archaeological finds and megalithic sites such as the Dólmen Barrosa, or Dólmen de Santo Vile, a number of mansions and town houses, some stone fountains, historic public buildings, and a variety of religious buildings. The historical town center as a whole is a listed building. It is characterized by narrow streets lined with historic buildings. Its traffic -calmed center around the central Praça Concelheiro Silva Torres with his neumanuelinischen fountain and outdoor cafés is now considered important attraction for visitors.
The Art Gallery Galeria de Arte de Caminha, the Galeria Guntilanis in Vila Praia de Ancora, and the Galeria de Exposições for temporary exhibitions in the city hall building ( Câmara Municipal), Carminha has several exhibition venues. The city Biblioteca Municipal Library, the city archives Arquivo Municipal de Caminha, a toy library and various historical museums are other cultural facilities.
On the small island Ínsua before Caminha, which belongs to the municipality Moledo, is the Forte de Ínsua. The fort was built from 1649 to 1652, after the monastery of the island was repeatedly plundered by pirates. Since 1910, it is a listed building.
The Festival de Vilar de Mouros has long been regarded as the most important rock festival in the country.
The following parishes ( freguesias ) lying in circle Caminha:
- Arga de Baixo
- Arga de Cima
- Arga de São João
- Caminha (or Matriz )
- Riba de Âncora
- Vila Praia de Âncora
- Vilar de Mouros
- Monday after Easter Sunday
- France France: Pontault- Combault in Canton Pontault- Combault (since 1979)
The Caminha railway station is a stop on the railway line Linha do Minho. The N13 national road through the village, and the A28 leads with several descents through the circle. Caminha is integrated into the national bus network of speech Expressos.
The municipal ferry from Caminha, Ferry Boat Santa Rita de Cássia runs daily from about 8:00 to about 20:00 ( winter half year, about 18:00) continuously between Caminha and the Galician seaside town of A Guarda.
Sons and daughters
- Bento Maciel Parente (1567-1642), military and colonial politicians in Brazil
- João Lourenço Rebelo (1610-1661), court composer
- Miguel Ventura Terra (1866-1919), architect
- Sidónio Pais (1872-1918), military, multi- ministerial and Republican head of government
- Domingos Fezas Vital (1888-1953), lawyer, university professor and politician in the Estado Novo regime
- Carlos Pinheiro (1925-2010), auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Braga
- Quim Barreiros ( born 1947 ), popular musician
The interior of the parish church
In the historical center
In the historical center
The campsite of Caminha (camping Camarido )
View from the north on Caminha (rear)