Campinas on the map of Brazil
Campinas ( IPA: kɐ ː pinɐs ) is a city in the Brazilian state of São Paulo and is located about 100 km north of the city of São Paulo. Covering an area of 796 sq km about 1.024 million inhabitants - about 2.8 million in the metropolitan area.
The city was founded by the Bandeirantes from the late 18th century and received its present name until 1842. Since the mid 19th century, it grew steadily with the advance of coffee cultivation and the railroad. At the time of industrialization, the annular Tramway Museum recalls in Taquaral Park. Today Campinas is the second largest city of the state of São Paulo ( São Paulo and Piracicaba ago ) and is home to numerous industrial firms and university research facilities.
Campinas is a major industrial and commercial center with a variety of industries: coffee, sugar cane and cotton, manufacturing (textiles, machinery, paper, chemicals, electronics) and services.
The region around Campinas generates slightly more than 3% of the inhabitants of the land 9 % of Brazil's gross domestic product. The per capita income is one of the highest in Latin America ( U.S. $ 10,000 / year).
Campinas is also called the Brazilian Silicon Valley. It is home to technology companies such as IBM, Motorola, Lucent, Nortel, Compaq, Celestica, Samsung, Alcatel, Bosch, BSH Continental, 3M, Texas Instruments, Amyris Biotech, General Motors, Honda, Mercedes -Benz and many others. To this end, research and development centers come as the center for research and development and the Embrapa, universities such as the Unicamp and the PUC - Campinas. Also the pharmaceutical and petrochemical industry is represented by companies such as Merck, DuPont, Rhone- Poulenc and Shell in the region.
Near the University Unicamp the Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron ( LNLS ), a research center for synchrotron radiation is the only particle in South America, especially in the biotechnology and nanotechnology to high quality research. With Embrapa Campinas also has a specialized in the research and development of tropical crops device.
The city owes its rapid growth, the proximity to the international airport of Viracopos and the connection to the two main highways of the state Bandeirantes and Anhanguera Via.
Campinas is a major transportation hub in the state of São Paulo. The city is located at the motorway corridor, which connects the capital with the economically important north and northwest of the state. The city has a ring road ( " Anel Viario " ) and is served by the following major highways and main roads:
- Rodovia Anhangüera
- Rodovia dos Bandeirantes
- Rodovia Santos Dumont
- Rodovia Dom Pedro I
- Rodovia Adhemar de Barros
- Rodovia General Milton Tavares de Souza
- Rodovia Jornalista Francisco Aguirre Proença
These roads are all in very good condition.
Campinas was true in the past, an important railway axis, but in the presence of run here only freight trains.
The Viracopos international airport, 14 km southwest from the city center, was for a long time the most important freight airport in the state of São Paulo, but in recent years, passenger traffic has increased rapidly. The planned expansion of the airport would expand Infraero ( Brazilian airport management company) Viracopos for Brazil's largest airport. With a planned rail service to São Paulo and a capacity of 55 million passengers annually, the airport also the largest in Latin America should be. The extension of Viracopos was necessary because the two main airports of São Paulo are already working on the limits of their capacity and is no longer possible due to the close proximity to residential expansion.
Mayor Jonas Donizette (PSB ).
Sons and daughters of the town
- Joaquim Bonifácio do Amaral (1815-1884), coffee producer and politician
- Antônio Carlos Gomes (1836-1896), composer
- Olavo de Sousa Aranha Egídio (1862-1928), banker and politician
- Júlio César de Mesquita (1862-1927), journalist and writer
- Walter Forster (1917-1996), actor, radio and television presenter
- Ercílio Turco ( born 1938 ), Catholic bishop
- Paulo Moacyr Barbosa Nascimento (1921-2000), football player
- Luís Fabiano ( born 1980 ), football player
- Gustavo ( b. 1982 ), football player
- José Rodolfo Pires Ribeiro ( * 1992), football player
From Campinas football clubs Guarani FC, Red Bull Brasil and Associação Atlética Ponte Preta, one of the oldest football clubs in Brazil come.