The campus is the coherent complex of university and higher education (university center, University Centre ), or research institutes.
Campus in the U.S.
The term campus [ kampʊs ] is of Latin origin and in this language the importance of field '. He called in the U.S. since the 18th century, the city erected outside the building of a university, which are surrounded by park-like grounds. The term was first (now Princeton University) used in 1746 founded the College of New Jersey.
Campus in Germany
In the 1960s the term was borrowed from the American in Germany. Under " campus colleges " means since universities in which teaching and research facilities, housing for teachers and students, and other university-related infrastructure, including green areas are summarized in a confined space. The concept made sense, since the German university start-ups in contrast to the classical European universities were now also no longer integrated into the city. This development began in 1946 with the Free University of Berlin, just FU Berlin, and its campus in Berlin- Dahlem. One of the early creation of such colleges that were like " satellites " settled " on a greenfield site " in an urban environment, is one of Bochum (1962 ), the first German university campus with teaching and research facilities, dormitories and university -related infrastructure. This was followed by Dusseldorf (1965 ), Bielefeld (1969 ), Bremen (1971) and numerous others. Other examples are the Universities of Augsburg, Bayreuth, Cottbus, Dortmund, Dresden, Duisburg, Erfurt, Essen, Flensburg, Hohenheim, Ilmenau, Kaiserslautern, Kassel, Koblenz, Konstanz, Lubeck, Magdeburg, Mainz, Oldenburg, Paderborn, Passau, Regensburg, Saarbrücken, Siegen, Ulm, Trier, Vechta and the Bundeswehr universities in Hamburg and Munich. A similar development is the construction of a campus away from existing higher education institutions in the city such as the Campus Vaihingen - Pfaffenwaldring Stuttgart University. Comparably, it was with new campuses of Natural Sciences traditional universities such as Heidelberg and Tübingen. Another model resulted from a merger of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
Shift of the term
Be held In the U.S., the original meaning until the 1950s, but was gradually transferred to the entire university complex. There, ended up using other means such as companies or hospitals the academic term for their site, presumably to take advantage of its positive meaning or refer to the exploratory nature of their activities. One example is the Microsoft campus in Redmond, Washington. The structure of a complex surrounded by greenery on the outskirts was given here. In Germany, the term now used without University reference, for example in office buildings.
In recent times the term was enlarged in Germany and is now widely applied for university facilities, even if they are within the city. You have probably assume that this also is conscious marketing, where, as in Germany today at the institute's name already commonplace, a anglicism probably should signal internationality. In Bonn is currently being built on an open field, but in downtown near the "Campus Poppelsdorf " Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms-Universität.
In particular, it called Campus loose, modern building complexes that are created especially for teaching and research. One example is the campus of the University of Vienna on the grounds of the former General Hospital near the ring road. Although it comprises only a small part of the University of Vienna, but is home to over 15 previously distributed throughout the city departments and a number of student- embossed Local. Similarly, the Techno-Z Salzburg for private research as well as a campus of the University of Salzburg, or the University Centre rotting man as a branch of two universities in a specialized research area. Here, the funded today close networking of universities and companies, partly on research and development is specialized mainly in direct commercial spin- offs from universities, even urban planning and architectural promoted ( center of excellence ).
If functional infrastructure is mapped into web systems, which is referred to figuratively as an e- campus.