Can Tho (debate? / I ) is the largest city in the region of the Mekong Delta and the fourth largest city in Vietnam. As a direct-controlled city it is directly under the Central Government and equivalent administrative unit province. The " Thành Pho Can Tho " has less the character of a growing city as the administrative unit of loosely coupled settlements. The central area ( Quan) Ninh Kieu has approximately 250,000 inhabitants, the most populous, here are the most urban and municipal offices. As a historical name for the city is also Tây Djo ( "Capital of the West" ) is known.
Geography & Climate
The city is situated on the southern shore of the " Lower Mekong ", the largest estuary arm of the Mekong. Vietnamese it is called Sông Hau, Tonle Bassac in the Khmer language. More Vietnamese names are Hau Giang as the province of the same name or Sông Thac Ba ( " Three Questions River "). On the southern outskirts of Can Tho Sông empties into the Sông Hau. Among others, run through the urban area thot the emergency channel Cái Khe channel and the Ô Môn channel.
Can Tho borders the provinces of An Giang, Hau Giang, Kien Giang, Vinh Long and Dong Thap. The metropolis of southern Vietnam, Hồ Chí - Minh City, formerly Saigon, is located about 160 km northeast. The climate in Can Tho is tropical and characterized by monsoons: rain from May to November dry from December to April. The average humidity is 83 percent, the annual rainfall 2024 mm and the mean temperature of 27.5 ° C.
The Can Tho province as an administrative structure an eventful history: At the time of the Nguyễn Dynasty Can Tho was the capital of the former province of An Giang. When the French occupied Vietnam in 1867 the Southwest, they divided the former An Giang in six new provinces: Đốc Châu, Long Xuyen, Sa Đéc, Can Tho, Soc Trang and Bac Lieu.
On October 22, 1956, the new Phong Dinh Province was established with its capital in Can Tho from the then province of Can Tho. In February 1976, the province of Hau Giang formed from the provinces of Phong Dinh, Ba Xuyen, Soc Trang and Can Tho city. This was divided on 26 December 1991 in the provinces of Can Tho and Soc Trang. On 1 January 2004 the new Can Tho province was in turn divided into the City of Can Tho and Hau Giang new province. On 24 June 2009 Can Tho the "City status first class " was awarded.
Today, as a direct-controlled Can Tho City ( Thành Pho Truc Trung Uong thuoc ) is directly under the central government and the provincial administrative unit equivalent. This extended city area is divided according to Decree No. 12/NĐ-CP into five boroughs ( Quan) and four counties ( Huyen ). Specifically, these are the municipalities of Ninh Kieu with 13 urban communities, Binh Thuy with eight municipalities, Cai Rang with seven churches, Ô Môn with seven municipalities and the municipality thot need, which is the best known and most prosperous district with its nine municipalities.
The four counties are Phong Dien with a county seat and six village communities, co DJO with a circular city and nine village communities, Thới Lai with a district town and village communities as well as twelve Vĩnh Thạnh with two county seats and nine village communities. Thus, the total number of district towns is ( Thi Tran ) five, the village communities (Xa) 36 and the urban communities ( Phuong ) 44 The Vietnamese province code is 92, the region code of FIPS VM87. The ISO 3166-2 code of the province was changed from 48 to UN UN CT.
- Vietnam Ha Dong (Vietnam), the former capital of the province of Hà Tây is since August 2008 a city district of Hanoi
- France Nice ( France) since 2011
- Cambodia Phnom Penh (Cambodia) since 2006
- People's Republic of China Shantou ( China) since 2005
Infrastructure & the Economy
The city is not only the largest in the Delta, but also as its economic, scientific and cultural center. Can Tho is one next to Ho Chi Minh City, Haiphong, Da Nang, Quy Nhon and Long Hạ to the important port cities of Vietnam. Daily hydrofoil between Hồ Chí Minh City and Can Tho. The coming out of the north of the country National Highway 1 reached in Can Tho kilometer 2058th Kam was formerly from the north via Route 1 on the city, the Hau River was only using one of the donated by Denmark Viet Djan ferries ( former Øresund ferry ) to cross. Was started in 2004 in Vietnamese- Chinese- Japanese cooperation in Ninh Kieu district with the construction of a cable-stayed bridge, the longest suspension bridge in Southeast Asia.
During construction, it came on 26 September 2007 to the collapse of part of the bridge, which cost 53 lives according to official figures. In April 2010, the Can Tho Bridge to traffic has been released. A six-lane highway from Ho Chi Minh City via My Tho to Can Tho is completed in parts. The completion of the close of the National Road 1 runs north-south expressway from Hanoi to Can Tho is planned by 2020. In Binh Thuy Stadtbezitk is the old civil airport. 2011 Can Tho international airport was opened in the northern outskirts, a development of the built in 1965 by the United States Air Force military airport Trà NOC which is adapted annually for five million passengers. In its vicinity are two of the major industrial zones of Can Tho. The city hosts, among others a large dairy of the Group Vinamilk and a broadcast center of Vietnam TV. In Ô Môn is Vietnam's largest oil-fired power plant, the Nha May điện Ô Môn.
The University of Can Tho University, Vietn. Dong Bằng Sông Cuu Long ( ĐBSCL ) was founded in 1966. It is divided into nine faculties and two research institutes, including the leading agricultural research institute in Vietnam. Furthermore, the city hosts the Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy, the Tây DJO University, Can Tho College, the College of Foreign Economic Relations - Can Tho Branch, a medical college, the Economic and Technical College, vocational colleges and the famous College of Agriculture and the Mekong Delta Rice Research Institute ( Vn Vien Dong Lúa Bằng Sông Cuu Long).
Arts and culture
Of tourist interest is the promenade Hai Ba Trung at the Can Tho River, named after the Trung sisters, who rebelled 40 to 43 AD against the Chinese occupation of North Vietnam over the years. Here can be found a number of restaurants and hotels, as well as the Ninh Kieu Quay, located on the restaurant - ships and from where boats leave in the Cái Khe channel and the floating markets, which should be visited usefully in the early morning. The most popular markets are held at Cai Rang, Phong Dien and Phung Hiệp, perhaps the most original in Trà Ôn.
On Boulevard Hoà Bình is the Munirangsyaram, Muni Rensay or Rangsay Muni Pagoda of the local Khmer community. This pagoda of Theravada Buddhism, also called Chùa Truoc, was built in 1946. Also worth seeing is the Pitu Khosa Răngsây Pagoda ( vn: Vien Quang ) of 1948 in Mac Dinh Chi, District Ninh Kieu. The Sacred Heart Cathedral ( Nha Tho Chính Toa Thánh Tâm Chua Giêsu ) on Nguyen Thi Minh Khai which is the center of the Diocese of Can Tho. In the south of the city, the historic village of Long Tuyen Dinh Binh Thuy with the temple is to be visited, the birthplace of the poet and composer Bùi Hữu Nghĩa (1807 - 1872). In the Municipal Museum Bảo TP Tang. Can Tho include exhibits on the town's history.
50 km northwest of the town near the village of Thới Bình, community Thới Thuận in the district Thoth is NOT at HAU of " Stork garden " of Bang Lang (named after the Queen's flower). The "old house of Cat Ba " is a complex of three houses built by three brothers who shared the passion for collecting antiques. To reach north of the National Road 91 and along the Cái Ngãi channel. In the district Phung Hiệp the neighboring province of Hau Giang is the nature reserve averaging Ngọc Hoàng.
Promenade Hai Ba Trung and the Can Tho River at night
Local temple in the historic village of Long Tuyen
Market halls of Can Tho
Can Tho Bridge over the Sông Hau
The Can Tho International Airport