- 34.601388888889 - 55.89Koordinaten: 34 ° 36 ' S, 55 ° 53 ' W
Canelones is one of the 19 departments of Uruguay.
- 2.1 Education
- 2.2 traffic
- 2.3 Business
The expansion of an area of 4536 km ² comprising Departamento surrounding the capital, Montevideo, so that most of the suburbs of this town in the department of Canelones are. It is bordered on the west by San José, on the east by Lavalleja and Maldonado, and in the north to Florida. The western border is the Río Santa Lucía, the eastern border of the hills of Cuchilla Grande. In the south of the department is adjacent to the Río de la Plata. Its capital city, also named Canelones, has 19,631 inhabitants. The other hand, is the largest city in the metropolitan Montevideo protected town of Ciudad de la Costa with just under 100,000 residents.
On the Departamentogebiet located at Santa Lucía petroleum deposits. Another mineral resources feldspar near the kilometer point 27 of the Ruta 6 and black granite at Soca exist.
Canelones has a dense population. Noteworthy Cities and towns are:
- Las Piedras
- La Paz
- Barros Blancos
- Ciudad de la Costa, a new city, which was formed from the previously independent villages of San José de Carrasco, Shangrilá, Lagomar, Solymar and El Pinar
- Empalme Olmos
- Santa Lucía
- Colonia Nicolich
- San Jacinto
- San Bautista
There are also a number of beach resorts: Salinas, Marindia, Atlantida, Las Tosca, Parque del Plata, La Floresta, Costa Azul, Guazubirá, Los Titanes, La Tuna, Cuchila Alta and Jaureguiberry on the border with the department of Maldonado.
Canelones has a total of 44 secondary schools ( Liceos ), in which 36 467 students are taught by 2,885 teachers. The oldest Liceo of the department is based in the department of Canelones Capital, founded in 1912 Liceo Departamental " Tomás Berreta ". (As of December 2008)
In the far south, near Montevideo, is the International Airport of Carrasco, the main airport of the country. Through the department lead, inter alia, the railway lines Montevideo - Rivera, Montevideo - Rocha, Montevideo - Minas, Montevideo - Rio Branco, Montevideo - Melo, Montevideo - KM 329, Montevideo - Colonia and Montevideo - Mercedes. Furthermore, the department of the following roads will in any case partly traversed Ruta Interbalnearia, Ruta 5, 6 Ruta, Ruta 7, Ruta 8, Route 9, Ruta 11, Ruta 12, Ruta 40
The area is intensively used for agriculture. Crops are corn, wine, fruit and vegetables, and there is milk production and production of aromatic herbs.
The industry is also important. Most important are the tobacco industry and the food industry.
Also of importance is tourism. On the coast of the Río de la Plata, the La Costa de Oro is known, there are several popular beach resorts.
Canelones is to Montevideo is the second most populous department of Uruguay. While in 2004 485 240 inhabitants were counted, was found in the context of the census of 2011, population 520 187. Of these, 253 124 men and 267 063 women.
In May 2010, Marcos Carámbula ( Frente Amplio ) was elected to the office of Intendente of the department. He followed this by Estanislao Chiazzaro, who had held the post since the February 5, 2010, after Carámbula July 7, 2005 up to Chiazzaros office was already Intendente of Canelones.
More predecessors were, among others Tabaré Hackenbruch, Diver Fernández Tomás Berreta or.
Canelones has its own anthem. This is the " Himno a Canelones ," whose text was written in 1930 by Eudoro Melo. The setting created Bernardo Irigaray.