Cape Coast Metropolitan Assembly

The Cape Coast Municipal District is one of 13 districts in the Central Region of Ghana and is located on the Gulf of Guinea. Cape Coast Municipal is one of the few as municipal, ie " urban ", is located the 138 districts of Ghana. This classification arises from the dominant position of the city of Cape Coast within the district.


In Cape Coast Municipal predominantly members of the Fante people live, with a greater proportion of other parts of Ghana's ethnic groups found in the city of Cape Coast than in the surrounding rural areas. The city of Cape Coast is the only one of the 72 villages of the district with an urban character, here, two thirds of the population of the entire district.


Today's Cape Coast Municipal District corresponds roughly to the former Fanti - State Fetu, reported on the Gold Coast from the already the first European explorers and merchants. Fetu was one of several small states of the Fanti. The ancestors of the present inhabitants had migrated from the north from the area of ​​Techiman here in the 14th century. Their first creation was the TV in the north of the district place Effutu, developed from whose name the term Fetu. In 1380 they formed a fishing village by the name of Oguaa ( Fante for " market " ), developed from the later Cape Coast.

Already the Portuguese had here in Oguaa / Cape Coast a trading post and the Dutch built a fort in 1638, later Cape Coast Castle. AB 1664 was Cape Coast until the late 19th century, the Headquarters of the British on the Gold coast. For details, see the chapter history under Cape Coast.

The area of present-day district belonged to both the loose, first Fanti Confederation, which had developed around 1700 for protection against the expanding Aschantireich and the kingdom of Akyem, as well as the anti-colonial Fanti Confederation of 1868-1872.


Despite the dominance of Cape Coast within the district are 70 % of the commercially active population in agriculture (mainly subsistence ) fisheries and busy. Agriculture is at its center of gravity in the northern part of the district, fishing is the most important factor on the coast. About 70 rural settlements there are in the district.

About two-thirds of the cultivable land is currently being processed, main products are plantains, yams, maize and cassava. In addition, coconut trees are traditionally planted and cultivated. In the 1980s and 1990s, but here the broken in the entire stretch of coast Cape Saint Paul Wilt Disease caused a devastating setback, from which the coast is recovering only slowly. A certain recovery has taken in recent years, animal husbandry ( chickens, sheep, goats, etc.).

A modest industry produces soap and processed palm oil and other agricultural products. Also worth mentioning is the tourism as an economic factor.


Cape Coast is known in Ghana as a city of learning. in 1862 there was a first Secondary School in Cape Coast, and 1962 here was the University of Cape Coast founded ( see also educational institutions in Cape Coast ).

Climate and Environment

The seasonal changes in the climate are determined by the exchange between rainy season and dry season in the district less of changes in the ( consistently high ) temperature than.

The original dense forest growth is due to various human impacts ( cultivation, charcoal extraction, etc.) almost completely gone, still exists only in the less-populated northern area of ​​secondary forest.

Major towns