Carbondale is the largest city ( with a status of "City" ) in Jackson County in the south of the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the United States Census 2010 Carbondale has about 25,900 inhabitants
The Southern Illinois University Carbondale is a public university in the city. It was founded in 1874 and has its main campus here.
Carbondales geographical coordinates loud 37 ° 44 'N, 89 ° 13' W37.726388888889 - 89.220277777778 ( 37.726418, -89.220270 ). The city is located in the catchment area of the Big Muddy River, 126 m above sea level, in the center of the coal mining areas of southern Illinois. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.4 km ², of which 30.8 km ² on land and 0.6 km ² omitted ( = 2.06 %) to water.
In the urban area there are several small rivers, including the Piles Fork to the east and the Little Crab Orchard Creek in the west of the city area.
The Illinois State Route 13 leads as Main Street in the east-west direction through Carbondale. It is Downtown on U.S. Highway 51 crossing, which runs as Illinois Avenue from south to north. Both streets are one-way streets in the center, so that Route 13 east across the Walnut Street and U.S. 51 south across University Avenue run. All other roads are County Roads, further subordinate and partly unpaved roadways or urban roads.
Parallel to Highway 51 runs since 1854 a railway line of the former Illinois Central Railroad, now part of the Canadian National Railway. This route is also used by Amtrak. This state-wide rail services, Carbondale combines three services a day in both directions at Chicago. Another daily train leads to Memphis and New Orleans. Amtrak train 59, the south -propelled City of New Orleans runs from Carbondale to Memphis, Jackson and New Orleans, in the opposite direction track train No. 58 on Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign - Urbana, Kankakee, Homewood to Chicago Union Station. Carbondale and Chicago are also the pairs of trains 390/391, Saluki, in the morning and 392/393, the Illini, joined in the afternoon. Both pairs of trains begin or end in Carbondale.
The city lies about 20 km from Williamson County Regional Airport, from which a commercial provider four times a day a flight to Saint Louis, Missouri. The Southern Illinois Airport is located northwest of the city and serves private planes, the university and the local hospital.
The city was founded in 1852. The name goes back to the suggestion of one of the founders; Daniel H. Brush had encouraged to call the city Carbondale, because it was in a coal mining area. The post office was put into operation on 27 February 1854. 1869 Carbondale was incorporated as a village, four years later Carbondale received a new charter as a city.
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places listed for Carbondale:
According to the census in 2010 lived in Carbondale 25 902 people in 11,035 households. The population density was 841 people per square kilometer. In the 11,035 households lived statistically 2.02 per person.
The racial the population was composed of 62.4 percent white, 25.6 percent African American, 0.4 percent Native American, 5.7 percent Asian and 2.5 percent from other ethnic groups; 3.3 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity were 5.4 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
12.3 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 80.3 percent were between 18 and 64 and 7.4 percent were 65 years or older. 46.9 percent of the population was female.
The median annual income for a household was $ 19,214. The per capita income was $ 15,030. 42.6 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.