Carignano

Carignano ( Carignan Piedmontese ) is a municipality with 9181 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) in the Italian province of Turin, Piedmont.

Neighboring municipalities are Moncalieri, Vinovo, La Loggia, Piobesi Torinese, Villastellone, castagnole Piemonte, Osasio, Lombriasco and Carmagnola. Patron saint of the village is St. Remigius of Reims.

Geography

The municipality covers an area of ​​50 km ².

History

The city came in 1418 under the rule of the House of Savoy. Charles Emmanuel I walked Carignano as an appanage to his son Thomas Francis (1596-1656) to the Principality (see Prince of Carignan ). From founded by Thomas Francis of Savoy - Carignano branch line went to the extinction of the main line of Savoy in 1831 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia as shown. The house Carignano in turn developed two lines. Soissons and of Villafranca

The former was founded by Thomas ' second son Eugen Moritz (1635-1673) and his wife Marie de Condé, Comtesse de Soissons, who received her mother's county as appanage, and died in 1734 from. In favor of the city Eugene Moritz Yvois was collected in 1662 in the Ardennes by Louis XIV to the rank of duchy and subsequently changed its name in Carignan. The famous Prince Eugene was the second son of the first Duke of Carignan.

The branch Villafranca began with Eugen (1753-1785), second son of Louis Victor of Carignano ( 1721-1778 ). His grandson Eugene Emanuel (1816-1888) was appointed by King Charles Albert I in 1834 to the Prince of Savoy - Carignano. He was entered into a morganatic marriage, and on the occasion of his silver wedding anniversary in 1888 his wife was awarded the title of Countess of Villafranca. At the same time his eldest son Filiberto Count of Villafranca and his younger son Vittorio was raised to the Count of Soissons.

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