Carl Hayden

Carl Trumbull Hayden ( born October 2, 1877 in Hayden 's Ferry, now Tempe, Arizona Territory; † January 25, 1972 in Mesa, Arizona ) was an American politician of the Democratic Party. He was the first Senator of the United States with seven terms in office and one of the longest serving politicians in the Congress of the United States at all.


Carl Hayden, son of the entrepreneur and Judge Charles T. Hayden and Sallie Calvert Davis studied at Stanford University, among others, economics, history and philosophy. In 1906, Hayden worked as a sheriff in Maricopa County.

He was responsible for his state of Arizona from 1912 to 1927 for eight of office deputy in the House of Representatives of the United States. After that, he represented his native country from 1927 to 1969 for a total of seven electoral cycles in the U.S. Senate. Carl Hayden was at times, from 1957 to 1969, president pro tempore of the Senate, making it the second highest member of the Senate and the highest-ranking senator.

Carl Hayden has always been considered very influential politician, the New York Times compared his influence even with the Canon Law. As a speaker in Parliament he rarely occurred, which earned him the name Silent Senator. He secured his influence rather quietly, in background talks and in the corridors of Parliament, as well as in the traditionally important congressional committees. A colleague noted, "No one exercised more influence with less eloquence of ". The Los Angeles Times saw Hayden's influence therefore coming that he supported many senators in their projects that everyone supported him in return for his projects.


Among the special services during his terms in office was one among others the Central Arizona Project, a 541 km long water path, the longest and most expensive in U.S. history, had special creation of which Hayden share.


In honor of Carl Hayden's various facilities have been named after him. Among other things, a high school district was renamed in Phoenix Carl Hayden High School, the Department of Agriculture of the United States called a device Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, the Department of Veterans Affairs awarded the name Carl T. Hayden VA Medical Center to an institution. In the oldest the Senate Office Building, the Russell Senate Office Building, a bust Hayden is issued. The grave speech at the funeral Hayden held the former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson in the Senate exercised the presidency during Hayden's last years.

Secondary literature

  • Morris Udall: Carl Hayden: Quiet History Maker. 1972
  • Ross Rice: Carl Hayden: Builder of the American West. 1994
  • Jack August: Vision in the Desert: Carl Hayden and Hydro Politics in the American Southwest. 1999
  • James Johnson: Arizona Politicians: The Noble and the Notorious. 2002


Carl Hayden, ca 1916

Carl Hayden, background right, during a speech by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1963

Bust of Carl Hayden, Russell Senate Office Building