Carl Edwin Wieman ( born March 26, 1951 in Corvallis, Oregon) is an American physicist who has over 2001 with the Nobel Prize in Physics "for the achievement of Bose -Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies the properties of the condensates " was excellent.
Carl Wieman was born on March 26, 1951 as the fourth of five children of N. Orr Wieman and Alison Wieman. He spent his childhood in the woods of Oregon. Before his seventh year the family moved to Corvallis to allow the children to attend better schools - although the town had only about 25,000 inhabitants, is home to them but the Oregon State University.
After high school he received in 1973 a place to study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). After undergraduate studies, he moved to Stanford University to the Chair of Theodor Hänsch, where he received his doctorate in 1977. He then went to the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and in 1979 was appointed assistant professor. Where he met Sarah Gilbert know, who worked as a student with him. In 1984 he moved to the University of Colorado at Boulder and married Sarah, who had in the meantime also received his doctorate. He is since 1987 professor of physics at the University of Colorado.
In the group of Hänsch Wieman employed with precision measurements of the hydrogen lines, the subject of his thesis was the measurement of the 1s Lamb shift and isotope shift of the 1s - 2s transition means Polarisationsspektrometrie. With his experience in Präzisionspektrometrie he wanted to measure in Michigan, the electro-weak theory of the interaction predicted parity violation in atoms. However, he quickly realized that this cesium offered better opportunities than hydrogen - the successful measurement in 1985 brought him his first scientific recognition.
In connection with his precision experiments, Wieman in 1984 dealt already with laser cooling and laser traps. While he was only interested in improving its measurement method at first, however, he soon began the possibilities to realize the study of the behavior of atoms at very low temperatures - and the possibility of producing a Bose- Einstein condensate, giving it 1995 together with Eric Cornell succeeded. In 2001 he was honored along with Eric Cornell and Wolfgang Ketterle in equal parts with the Nobel Prize for Physics for this achievement.