Carlo Rubbia ( born March 31, 1934 in Gorizia ) is an Italian physicist and a senator for life.
Rubbia was awarded in 1984 with Simon van der Meer the Nobel Prize in Physics "for their decisive contributions to the large project, which the discovery of the field particles W and Z, mediators of weak interactions, has led ". Under his leadership, the UA1 detector was built. From 1989 to 1993 he was Director General of the European Organization for Nuclear Research ( CERN) and is a member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Rome). In addition, based the Rubbiatron, a concept for an accelerator-driven nuclear reactor on his ideas.
During his time as president of the "Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment", ENEA, from 1999-2005 Rubbia worked at the Archimedes project to improve solar thermal power plants.
From 2006 to 2009 Rubbia was chief scientific advisor at the Spanish Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology, CIEMAT.
2009 he was appointed special advisor for energy -General of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, ECLAC.
Since June 2010 Rubbia scientific director of the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies is ( IASS eV ) in Potsdam.
On August 30, 2013 was appointed life senator Carlo Rubbia from President Giorgio Napolitano. He is a member of the Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze.