Carmagnola ( Piedmontese Carmagnola ) is a town with 28 887 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) in the province of Turin, Piedmont, Italy. The city is under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception.
Carmagnola is located on the right bank of the Po, 25 km south of the provincial capital of Turin. The municipality covers an area of 96.38 km ². The neighboring municipalities are Poirino, Villastellone, Carignano, Lombriasco, Ceresole Alba ( CN), Racconigi (CN), Sommariva del Bosco (CN) and Caramagna Piemonte ( CN).
Carmagnola is the first mention in the 11th century in documents. It was formerly a county and belonged to the Marquis of Saluzzo. Under their rule, the city was fortified by a wall and built a castle. 1522 Charles V took possession of the city. After the Battle of Ceresole 1544, the region fell to France. The French turned Carmagnola (French Carmagnole ) during the 16th century in a strong place of arms. In 1588 it was conquered by Charles Emmanuel I of the House of Savoy. In the 17th century Carmagnola came again during the civil war between the Madamisti and Principisti ( followers of the French or the House of Savoy ) for some time ( 1637-1642 ) in France. In 1690 the city was occupied by the French General Nicolas de Catinat, but recovered in the subsequent year of Victor Amadeus II of Savoy. While the defenses of Carmagnola were demolished and its strategic importance gradually declined, it has developed into an agricultural and trade center, especially the exported considerable quantities of hemp ropes and to Liguria and southern France. The agricultural and trade sector remained significant until after the Second World War, at which time the process of industrialization caused a profound change through increased immigration and rapid expansion of the city.
Carmagnola are the ruins of former fortifications and several Gothic churches.
- Gianluigi Lentini (born 1969 ), football player
- Davide Longo (born 1971 ), writer
- Guido Martina (1906-1991), author of comics