Carmel -by-the -Sea is a small town with the status of a city with 4,081 inhabitants. It is located on Route No. 1 in Monterey County, on the west coast of California about 190 miles south of San Francisco, five kilometers south of Monterey.
Many famous authors and artists lived for some time in the region of Carmel -by-the -Sea, making nature the subject of their works. Among them, the writer Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck and Jack London as well as the photographer Edward Weston, who until his death lived here for many years and has many landscapes, also from the nearby Point Lobos, made were. The pleasant climate and the high quality of life of small town know even today many celebrities such as Brad Pitt, Jennifer Aniston, or Doris Day appreciate. Land prices are accordingly very high, even for Californian experience.
Carmel -by-the -Sea also became known after the actor Clint Eastwood as a candidate of the Republican Party was elected with a large majority for mayor of Carmel -by-the -Sea on 8 April 1986. He is also the owner of the local hotel complex Mission Ranch. Eastwood had acquired in the early 1980s and renovated. He remained mayor until 1988.
Of historical importance is the Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo, an old Spanish mission in the year 1770. The mission station was founded by Gaspar de Portolà, Juan Crespi Junipero Serra and who wanted to convert the Indians to Catholicism. The latter was beatified on September 25, 1988 by John Paul II. After Mexico's independence from Spain in 1821, the monastery began to decline and eventually became secularized in 1834. 1863 was able to purchase the buildings again, the Catholic Church, this renovated and set up a parish church for the town, which belongs to the Diocese of Monterey. Of all the California missions Carmel is the only one that still has its original bell tower.
For tourists Carmel is also known for its nature. The 17 Miles Drive leads around the headland of Monterey via Carmel -by-the -Sea, past Pebble Beach, Pacific Grove and back to Monterey. Further south at California State Route 1 is the mountainous coastline Big Sur. Just a few miles down the coast is the Point Lobos State Reserve with rich flora and fauna.
International significance of Carmel -by-the -Sea Carmel Bach obtained by the Festival, one of the most important music festivals in the U.S., led by the renowned German conductor Bruno Weil.
To distinguish itself from other cities, Carmel has some curious, enshrined in law traditions: There are no mailboxes or house numbers or street names. Only in recent years, the mail is delivered on request ( but this is hardly used ), previously had to pick up her mail from the mailbox the inhabitants. Similarly, there is still no street lamps, walkways, parking meters and neon signs. Set on the seafront there are no shops, new buildings must be built around trees. Who wants to wear high - heels, needs approval from the Compliance Office; this provision from the 1920s was to prevent damages.