Carnegie Museum of Natural History
The Carnegie Museum of Natural History is a museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The Carnegie Institute goes back to the Pittsburgh steel tycoon and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. This industrialists, who had acquired enormous wealth, founded the Institute in 1895 for the benefit of citizens. Apart from the Carnegie Museum of Natural History are still the Carnegie Science Center, Carnegie Museum of Art and the Andy Warhol Museum to this facility.
1899, the employees were instructed under director William Jacob Holland, to procure a dinosaur for the museum. They dug out the fossils of Diplodocus carnegii, which should later receive the nickname " Diggy ". 1909 met with an employee of the museum, Earl Douglass, on the very large Jurassic dinosaur reference of Dinosaur National Park in Utah, where until 1922 for the museum numerous skeletons were unearthed, including an Apatosaurus ( Brontosaurus, from 1915 in the Museum ).
1905 described William Temple Hornaday first time the Kermode bear (Ursus americanus Kermodei ), a rare subspecies of the American black bear. About 10 percent of the animals have a white or cream- colored fur. But it turned out that the Carnegie Museum of Natural History for several years a stuffed specimen of such a bear had, however, been mistakenly offered an employee of the clothing company Arnold, Constable & Co. as polar bear fur and stuffed by Taxidermiespezialisten Frederic S. Webster whose fur had.
1907, the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, the host for the second annual meeting of the American Association of Museums.
1956, the outstation Powdermill added in Westmoreland County, which allows for field observations.
The multi-story dinosaur exhibit was completed in 2007 and made 2008 a record number of visitors.
Overall, the museum has about 21 million collection items, of which about 10,000 are issued. In addition to a permanent exhibition of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History offers also change, hiking and online exhibitions. The museum is built around a courtyard with sculptures and a waterfall.
In the basement are located next shop and cafeteria spaces especially for museum educational events. On the ground floor in the right wing also side rooms; in the remainder of this floor is the permanent exhibitions on the history of the earth, minerals and to the Ice Age are housed. In the floor above the dinosaur exhibition continues. In addition, there is to see exhibits on the North American and African wildlife. Upstairs is the Department of Ancient Egypt, also a space on polar life, another about the Indians of America, the bird department, the last part of the dinosaur department and the RP Simmons Family Gallery.
The museum works closely with schools, universities and other institutions. It is designed to be barrier -free.