The Cartisten were a conservative flow within liberalism in Portugal who could gain great influence in the Portuguese policy after 1834 (end of Miguelistenkrieges ) and repeatedly questioned the government.
When in 1828 the Prince Regent Michael (Portuguese Miguel) his niece and bridal Maria II dethroned himself proclaimed king and absolutism reintroduced in Portugal, were all supporters of a constitutional monarchy, referred to in Portugal as liberals, against the new government. When the absolutists in 1834 but lost by their defeat in Miguelistenkrieg the rule and in the future political development of the country no longer played a role, the Liberals split quickly into two camps.
The contrast was sparked by the question of how the future constitution of the country should look like. Two models were available. While the liberal revolution a Constituent Assembly ( Cortes ) had developed the liberal constitution of September 1822. This was initially from 1821 to 1824. September is called in Portuguese Setembro, the followers of this constitution that embodied the more radical parts of the Liberals, were therefore called Setembristen. Then in 1826, King Peter IV ( who was the same Peter I Emperor of Brazil) dictates the countryside of Rio de Janeiro from a new constitution, called the Carta Constitucional. This represented a compromise and was much more conservative than held the Constitution of 1822, as Peter IV - had hoped to satisfy through the Carta also the wishes of the absolutists - in vain. The followers of the Carta Constitucional were called Cartisten.
Since Mary II of England, whose independent reign began in 1834 (she was at the time only 15 years old ), the Cartisten preferred that it constituted first several times the government. So ruled cartistische governments the country from 1834 to the September Revolution in 1836 and again in 1842 (with a brief interruption until 1856).
From cartistischen movement, the regeneration party that ruled the country until the end of the monarchy in 1910 over longer periods developed.
Leading politicians of the Cartisten were the Dukes of Saldanha, Terceira and Palmela and the Margrave of Tomar.
See also: List of Prime Minister of Portugal, Portuguese history, chronology Portugal, List of political parties in Portugal.
- Historic Party ( Portugal)
- Historical Conservative Party
- Past Liberal Party