Casino token

Tokens (including tokens or token ), also known as chips in a poker game, are plastic brands, that are used as play money in corporate and gambling. In some cases, the term appears to chip in for private use spare money.

In addition to the coin -like circular tokens are also called plaques rectangular versions for higher values. These are more common in Europe, while they are hardly ever used in America.


In traditional casinos, the French term token is used as the language of many classic casino games such as Roulette is French. In games such as poker have their origin in the English-speaking world, only the English term chip is almost used.

In German casinos usually tokens are issued from a value of 1 Euro to 10,000 Euro. Guests should make their bets with the chips, in exceptional cases, operations with real money are allowed, but usually only on simple chances.

A chip of a U.S. casino weighs usually 8.5 to 10 grams and a maximum of 11.5 grams.


Higher quality, but thus also less expensive chips are often from a Ton-/Lehmmischung ( Clay ) or made ​​of ceramic. In the past, tokens were used in painted ivory sporadically. The lower-priced chips are pure plastic chips with a metal core, which ensures the weight of the chips.

With chips from Clay, the weight is evenly distributed over the chip body as opposed to chips with core. Claychips have a share 7 to 15 percent clay, a 100 percent Clay chip would be very brittle. In the private sector chips in poker cases, however, distributed weighing from 8 to 13.5 grams, although the quality of the chips is not dependent on the weight. When the diameter casino standard of 39 mm has almost prevailed everywhere. Sometimes the edges are beveled ( ' chamfered '); this facilitates the handling, eg the pushing together of pile into stacks. Also jump thrown tokens thereby not have the tableau.

( Where it is played usually not significant amounts of money ) as opposed to playing chips in the private sector are the "professional" chips in the casino a means of payment ( legally: A issued by the casino promissory note ), which also goods and services such as the drinks at the casino can be paid. Always the name of the casino on them is therefore next to the value indicated ( the debtor), already to avoid confusion with other chips casinos also often:

  • The currency
  • A hologram to prevent counterfeiting
  • A unique registration number, should also be avoided to prevent counterfeiting and to avoid confusion between the inserts of different players, or alternatively:
  • A record number or colored set mark distinguishing the tokens of each player at a table from each other.
  • Currently (end of 2007 ), the introduction of RFID tags is considered to protect against counterfeiting.

Historic German tokens in coin form of the 18th century were, but occasionally rarely provided in brass or bronze and without value or currency values ​​with the word " token " and a year to about 1920. At princely courts they were mostly pennies or even provided of silver in gold ducats in weight, and often with suggestive images, such as copulating chickens. Gern were also historical figures, everyday objects or designs or the goddess Fortuna shown. They served as a stake in the private salons of the upper circles but also in the taverns of ordinary citizens in various card games.


The U.S. New Jersey Casino Control Commission are for their casinos by law following token colors before:

To avoid disputes chips are featured with a larger value, usually from 50 €, by a unique identifying number assigned to the guest if appropriate, could remember. Tokens can be usually placed by the guest in house or by one of the croupiers. In roulette it is - in well-equipped casinos - possible a guest spend tokens color-coded, it can use only on issuing each table; then the advertised by him or even made ​​inserts differ unequivocally from those of other players, so that disputes the row source are excluded on the tableau.


  • The placement of tokens is known in the jargon as player position; accordingly call connoisseurs the process of placing chips places.
  • The entirety of the set and not lying on the chance of winning tokens is called mass.
  • Chips worth € 20 will be referred to frequently as Louis or Louis d'or. This goes back to the French roots of the roulette game, as under Louis XVIII. the French Louis d'or gold coin was worth 20 francs.
  • Several casinos sell technically advanced chips for home roulette players who are visually modeled on their own.
  • Under dealers in Germany it is considered unprofessional to speak at roulette of ' chips '; thus can be called comparatively inferior toy chips.