Castelo de Paiva
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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / website Castelo de Paiva is empty Vila is a ( small town ) and a circle ( concelho ) in Portugal with 16,731 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2011 ).
Antas and other finds indicate the presence of man in the water-rich and fertile district area since the Paleolithic period, also Romans, Goths and Arabs lived here, what excavations such as tombs, among others show. For the first time officially mentioned was the place that Payva de Riba Douro and later only Paiva said, in the year 883 his first town charter ( Foral ) received Paiva on December 1, 1513 by King Manuel I. Since March 4, 1850 the above only Paiva said district under its present name in full.
Culture and sights
Various archaeological sites, mansions, religious buildings, fountains and historic public buildings stand in a circle under a preservation order, as is the historic center of the county town as a whole.
Despite its numerous monuments, river swimming and natural landscapes tourism is not well developed here. There are facilities of the rural tourism and hospitality businesses. The Marmoiral de Sobrado Sobrado in the main town is a Roman tomb of granite and part of the Rota do Românico do Vale do Sousa, a route along Romanesque monuments of the region.
On March 4, 2001 collapsed at the northern tip of the circle the busy old truss bridge Ponte Hintze Ribeiro across the Rio Douro, 59 people were killed. The disaster displaced the entire country into deep mourning and made headlines across Europe. At the newly built bridge is a memorial to the disaster was erected.
In the Minas do Pejão coal was mined from 1886 to 1994, the mines have been closed down due to lack of thereafter profitability.
Shoe factories, textile industry, wood processing and furniture manufacturing are the major industries in the district.
Castelo de Paiva is the seat of the homonymous district. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Penafiel, Marco de Canaveses Cinfães, Arouca and Gondomar.
The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Castelo de Paiva:
- Santa Maria de Sardoura
- São Martinho de Sardoura
- June 24
- Spain: Fabero, León province (since 1995)
- Mozambique Mozambique: Chibuto, Gaza province (since 1999)
- Mozambique Mozambique: Manhiça, Maputo province (since 1999)
Sons and daughters of the town
- António Capelo (* 1956), actor
- João Campos (born 1958 ), track and field coach
- Marco André Rocha Pereira (* 1987), football player