Castillejo de Robledo

Castillejo de Robledo is a small community in northern Spain ( municipio ) with 129 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in the province of Soria in the autonomous community of Castile -Leon. The place is as a cultural ( Bien de Interès Cultural ) recognized in the category Conjunto histórico - artístico.


Castillejo de Robledo lies in a hollow in about 960 meters above sea level. inst about 27 km ( driving distance ) southeast of Aranda de Duero; the picturesque neighboring village of Penaranda de Duero is located just 30 kilometers north. The cities of San Esteban de Gormaz, Burgo de Osma and Berlanga de Duero lie to the east; the provincial capital Soria is located about 100 kilometers north-east.


In the second half of the 19th century up to the year 1950, the place was always between 500 and 1000 inhabitants.


Due to the altitude the agronomic yields are low. Livestock and dairy industry therefore always played an important role. The place belongs to the wine region of Ribera del Duero. Due to the mechanization of agriculture, the population of the town has declined sharply in the second half of the 20th century.


Not much is known about the history of the small town. In the Islamic era the area was depopulated and was repopulated in the 11th and 12th century immigrants from the Christian north, but also from the south of Spain ( repoblación ).


  • A ruined castle, which formerly belonged to a fortress of in 1312 at the Council of Vienne by Pope Clement V to pressure from the French king Philip IV dissolved the Knights Templar, dominates the small town. The castle was then handed over to the Knights of St. John, who hardly cared about her so that she fell sometime.
  • The single-nave Romanesque church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, with its bell tower ( espadaña ) above the portal and windowless west side probably comes from the first half of the 12th century. The apse is divided into three parts in the exterior through two services; two cornices - the lower cranked to the services - provide for a horizontal layout. The almost entirely walled-up windows are framed by small set small columns with capitals and surmounted by profiled sheet runs, where an outer arc is preceded with a serrated frieze. Under the eaves runs a partly figurative designed console frieze. However, greatest treasure of the Church is protected from a south porch multi-stepped high Romanesque portal whose geometric jewelry is very varied with a dominant multi -pass arc. The nave is covered by an open roof; only the apse and the Vorchorjoch are curved and in a later period ( 15th century? ) adorned with a solid blue tile mosaic that appears to mimic a sky. The front of the Arc de Triomphe is designed as a double-headed green snake.
  • The small hermit church Ermita de los Martires has a shallow choir and is in the west end surmounted by an oversized acting doppelbogigen bell gable. Inside the chapel remains were uncovered by medieval frescoes.