Catalonian parliamentary election, 2012
The election of the regional parliament of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia was held on 25 November 2012. In her deputies of X. legislature were determined since the creation of the Autonomous Community of the end of the Franco dictatorship.
Premature end of the previous legislative period
The regional parliament of IX. Legislature had been elected on 28 November 2010. The legislature would have ended so regularly until the autumn of 2014. In the IX. Legislature introduced the bourgeois Catalan Convergència i Unio ( CiU ) a minority government (62 out of 135 MPs ) with Artur Mas as Prime Minister.
The legislative session was marked by the economic crisis and the significant increase in the fiscal deficit of the budget of the Autonomous Community. Against this background, the Catalan government by the central government in Madrid demanded a special financial ( fiscal pacto ), similar to it, the Basque Country and Navarre (cf. financial relations between the State and the Autonomous Communities ).
On September 11, 2012, the National Day of Catalonia, held in Barcelona under the slogan " Catalunya nou Estat d' Europe " (Catalonia, a new state in Europe ) a demonstration of the independence movement instead. The influx exceeded expectations considerably. The number of participants was ( depending on the source ) 600000-2 million ( ie 8-25 % of the total population of the Region). The next day, Prime Minister Artur Mas expressed in an official statement that the time had come to provide Catalonia with " state structures ".
In the general debate on the policies of his government Mas announced on 25 September 2012 in the regional parliament to convene new elections for November 25, 2012. He justified this with the exceptional situation, which was the mass demonstration on 11 September and the refusal of the Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy (PP ) to enter into negotiations on the pacto fiscal emerged. In this debate, the regional parliament (the remaining members of the PSC) adopted by 84 votes ( CiU, ICV, EUiA, ERC and two Catalan- nationalist groups as well as a deputy of the PSC) with 21 votes against ( PP and Ciutadans ) and 25 abstentions a resolution to, which states:
" El Parliament de Catalunya constata la que el necessitat poble de Catalunya Pugui determinar lliurement i el seu democràticament futur col · lectiu i insta el govern a fer una consulta prioritàriament dins la proxima Legislatura. "
"The Parliament of Catalonia states the need for the people of Catalonia decide freely and democratically about its collective future and requests the Government to perform here on a referendum, preferably in the next legislature. "
According to the history of the election campaign was dominated by the theme of the future relationship of Catalonia to Spain: The ERC openly advocated independence from Spain, while the CiU in its election manifesto, although the use of the term "independence" avoided, but from an " own state " language in the European Union. PSC, however, advocated the whereabouts in Spain and its transformation into a federal state, while the PP wanted to retain the existing autonomy arrangements.
The regional parliament of Catalonia has 135 deputies. They are elected in four constituencies ( provinces ): 85 in the constituency Barcelona, 17 in the constituency Girona, Lleida and 15 in constituency 18 in the constituency of Tarragona. The allocation of seats is done at the D' Hondt method at the level of the constituencies in which only parties are taken into account, which have reached at least three percent of the votes in each constituency. Were eligible to vote 5.41351 million people, of whom 155 923 citizens of Catalonia, who live abroad.
The choice had an extraordinarily high turnout of 69.6 % (against 58.8 % in the 2010 election ).
- CiU claims
- CiU gained
- ERC asserts
- ERC gained
- PSC asserts
- PSC gained
- PP gained
- Gained ICV EUiA
- Gained CUP
- PSC (less > 5%)
Although the CiU was again strongest force, but fell far short of their own expectations and even recorded the worst result in regional elections since 1984. Further election loser was the PSC with its worst election result since 1980.
As the winner especially the ERC ( doubling the number of seats compared to 2010 ) and Ciutadans ( tripling the number of seats ) emerged. Electoral gains were also the PP and ICV EUiA recorded.
While the solidarity Catalana, left Parliament per la Independència (SI ), which in 2010 was taken up with Joan Laporta as a figurehead, was the CUP, which was previously only represented at the local level and for the first time took also in regional elections, right off the bat with three deputies enter Parliament.
The mandate prior katalanistischen parties ( CiU, ERC, SI or CUP) was compared to 2010 two seats ( from 76 to 74) back.
On those parties who had advocated in September 2012, the resolution to hold a referendum on the future of Catalonia in Parliament, which accounted for 87 seats ( CiU, ERC and ICV EUiA, including the newly recovered in Parliament CUP, which also advocates a referendum and occurs for independence of Catalonia ). The parties who had rejected the resolution in September 2012 (PP and Ciutadans ), are henceforth represented by 28 deputies.
Proponents of referendum continue to provide so that a large majority of MPs, but were able to win only one seat compared to 2010 ( CiU, ERC, ICV EUiA and SI). The enemy succeeded in gaining seven seats and the PSC, which had abstained in September 2012 predominantly, lost eight seats.
The official results are as follows: