Cavia ( rarely also written Cabia ) is a municipality ( municipio ) with 258 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in the province of Burgos in the northern Spanish autonomous community of Castile -Leon.
Cavia is located in the Castilian plateau ( meseta ) at the mouth of the Río Ausín in the Río Arlanzón at an altitude of about 825 meters above sea level. inst and is nearly 18 km ( driving distance ) to the southwest of the city of Burgos. The neighboring Cayuela is only about three miles away in a south-easterly direction.
In the second half of the 19th and in the first half of the 20th century, the population fluctuated between about 450 and always 550 inhabitants. After the mechanization of agriculture led to a migration of part of the population in the cities.
The region is very much influenced by agriculture for centuries.
The first traces of human presence can be up to the Bronze Age lead. Roman and Visigoth traces missing. After the conquest of Spain by the middle of the Islam, the area was largely abandoned for centuries and was repopulated only in the 10th and 11th centuries ( repoblación ). The still existing castle ( castillo ) dates from the 15th century and once secured the strategically important location of the village at the confluence of Río Ausín and Río Arlanzón.
- The pentagonal in plan castle of Cavia (Casa fuerte de Los Rojas ) is in the town center and is constructed from precisely cut stones that are laid in the masonry bond; it has two floors and has several round corner towers, which ensured the flank protection. Both in the corner towers as well as in the outer walls several heraldic shields are embedded. In the northeast corner of the yard area rises a square keep ( torre de homenaje ), which is perhaps to be dated to the 14th century.
- The parish church of San Pedro Apóstol stands on a hill on the outskirts. The construction shows both a late Gothic apse as well as Renaissance and Baroque elements. The multi-storey west tower dates from 1783 and is built in neoclassical styles. The interior of the church has three naves; Here are several altarpieces from the 16th and 17th centuries and a Romanesque font with figures of the Apostles are within arcades which is like in the neighboring Cayuela.
- A siebenbogige bridge spans the Rio Ausín. It is called the Roman Bridge ', but it probably originates from medieval times.