Central Province (Papua New Guinea)

Central is a province on the southern coast of Papua New Guinea. It is in the national comparison very dry and has a low population density. Within their territory, is the capital, Port Moresby. About roads, the province is barely connected to the rest of Papua New Guinea.



In Central 32 local languages ​​are spoken in Papua New Guinea. Austronesian languages ​​are spoken in the coastal areas west of Cape Rodney and domestically in the districts Kairuku and Rigo. One of these languages ​​, Motu (see also Motu ) is the basis for those in the Central Province before the pidgin Tok Pisin most widely used lingua franca Hiri Motu.

Settlement forms

The population of the interior lives mainly in small, scattered settlements. Larger settlements are on the coast, originally for defense, enforced.


44.8 percent of students attend parochial schools.

Geography, climate, vegetation

The vegetation ranges from mangrove on the coast up to the rain forest and alpine grassland.


First traces of settlement are detectable 26,000 years ago. The population of the western coastal region reached the area probably only in the last 2000 years. There were two traditional " commercial networks " with large sailing canoes: The Western Motu exaggerated with the Hiri trade journeys with the territory of present-day Gulf Province. From the east living Mailu Islanders went again a trade off with the Motu and the people of the Milne Bay Province.

The London Missionary Society began in 1873 with the mission. The British colonial period began in 1884.

During World War II here Japanese and Australian troops clashed.

Districts and LLGs

The province is divided into four districts Central. Each district consists of one or more distinguish " areas at the local administrative level ," Local Level Government ( LLG ) areas which in Rural (rural ) or urban ( urban) LLGs.

Economy and Transport

Central has an extensive road network, but not connected by road to the rest of the country.