Central Province, Sri Lanka
The Central Province of the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka consists primarily of mountainous country. The province covers an area of 5674 km ² and 2,421,148 inhabitants. It consists of the administrative districts of Kandy, Matale and Nuwara Eliya.
The region consists mostly of mountains with deep valleys. The two main massifs are the Massif Central and the Knuckles Range east of Kandy. The highest mountains in Sri Lanka's rise in the Central Province. In it are the towns of Kandy, Nuwara Eliya and Sri Pada.
The population consists of Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims. Many plantation workers are Indian Tamils who were brought by the British in the 19th century on the island.
The climate is cool, and many areas about 1500 meters have frosty nights. The western foothills of the mountain country are very humid, in some areas fall up to 7000 mm of rain per year. The eastern foothills are medium dry because rain is only brought by the northeast monsoon. Temperatures range from 24 ° C annual average in Kandy to 16 ° C in Nuwara Eliya, which is located at 1889 m.
In the province of the famous Ceylon tea is produced. The plantations were built by the British in the 1860s after a devastating disease destroyed the coffee plantations in the region. The Central Province attracts many tourists.
The historic city of Matale and the Sigiriya rock are also in the Central Province.
Although three European powers invaded from the 16th to the 19th century to Sri Lanka, retained the central province until the early 19th century its independence, only then Kandy was captured by the British.
Northern Province | North West Province | North Central Province | Eastern Province | Sabaragamuwa | Southern Province | Uva | Western Province | Central Province
- Province in Sri Lanka
- Central Province (Sri Lanka)