Cessna Citation I
The Citation I is a twin-engine business jet aircraft from the American manufacturer Cessna. It was built in 1971-1985 more than 690 times and is the cornerstone of the Cessna Citation family. A distinction is made between the Citation ( 1971-1976 ), the Citation I ( 1976-1985 ) and the Citation I / SP ( 1977-1985 ). An extended version was sold under the name Cessna Citation II.
On September 15, 1969 flew for the first time a prototype of the Citation, at that time still under the name fanjet Cessna 500, the goal was set to build a jet, which caused both low operating and construction costs, as well as safe and easy to handle had. Another aspect was the competition to existing propeller engines, such as the Beechcraft King Air, which although could fly due to their short take-off distance also smaller airports, but a lower travel speed bot. After the Cessna had revised the position of the engines and the fuselage lengthened, the model Cessna Citation 500 received on September 9, 1971, pattern approval and was delivered in 1972 for the first time. The name comes from a Citation famous racehorse.
The Cessna Citation I followed in 1976. This version differed from the Citation 500 by an increased take-off weight, longer wings, revised engines and thrust reversers.
1977 was followed by the Cessna Citation I / SP (Model 501). She got a single pilot certification, which means that they can be flown by a pilot alone, which Cessna again approached at the existing turboprops, since most of these planes were to be flown by a single pilot.
In 1985, the production of the Citation I was set. The successor was introduced in 1989 under the name Cessna Citation Jet.
* The Cessna Citation I / SP may be flown by a pilot.