Charles Barry

Sir Charles Barry RA ( * May 23, 1795 in London, † May 12, 1860 ) was an English architect and builder.

Life and work

After attending a private school and the death of his father Walter Edward Barry Charles Barry invested his inheritance in extended trips. This led him in time from 1817 to 1820 in the Mediterranean and in the Ottoman Empire. The Renaissance buildings in Italy impressed him so much that he made to become an architect.

In the following years he built a number of churches, buildings and palaces with representative tasks, for example in Newbury, Manchester, Brighton and Salford.

The breakthrough as an architect succeeded Charles Barry, when he in 1836 together with Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin won an architectural competition for the new building of the Palace of Westminster in London, which had been almost completely destroyed by fire in October 1834. This building was erected by him in the years 1840 to 1870 in the Gothic Revival style again.

Sir Charles Barry drew continue to Trafalgar Square, the system responsible (designed by John Nash ). Furthermore, he was involved in the completion of the Lancaster House in London.

In 1842 he was elected as a member of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1849 as a member ( "Fellow" ) to the Royal Society. In 1852 he was knighted.

His son John Wolfe - Barry was a renowned civil engineer, built, among other things, the Tower Bridge and played a leading role in the development of industry standards.

Structures ( selection)

  • Royal Manchester Institution for the Promotion of Literature, Science And Art in Manchester (1824 /25)
  • Buile Hill House in Salford ( 1825-1827 )
  • Church of All Saints in Manchester (1827 )
  • Highclere Castle in Hampshire, about 6 km south of Newbury, southwest of London ( 1839/1842 )
  • Travellers Club in London ( 1832)
  • Royal College of Surgeons in London ( 1834-1836 )
  • Palace of Westminster ( 1840-1852 )
  • Reform Club in London ( 1841)
  • Trentham Gardens in Staffordshire (1842 )
  • Extension and improvement of Dunrobin Castle in Gospie (1845-1851)
  • Building of the Treasury in London ( 1846-1847 )
  • Bridgewater House in London (1846 )
  • Cliveden House in Buckinghamshire (1849 )
  • Gardens of Dunrobin Castle ( 1850)
  • Gardens of Shrubland Hall, Suffolk ( 1850)
  • Big Ben, employees, he commissioned Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin to build the tower