Charles Errard II ( * before 1607, † 1689 in Rome) was a French painter, engraver and architect of the baroque. He was co-founder and director of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture ( 1648). Jean -Baptiste Colbert, minister of Louis XIV entrusted him with the formation of Académie de France à Rome (1666 ), now in the Villa Medici.
Charles Errard was the son of Charles Errard ( the Elder ), a court painter of Louis, born XIII. , And trained by his father as a painter. His long career as an artist in France was interrupted by several trips to Rome. 1625, equipped with a royal scholarship, and in 1627 he stayed to study with his father in Rome. He drew ancient works of art such as figures, busts, reliefs, ornaments and Trajan's Column, and contemporary buildings. Soon he enjoyed the reputation of a brilliant illustrator.
After his return to Paris he worked for various French art lovers and collectors, including for the brothers Paul Fréart de Chantelou and Roland Fréart de Chambray. In another stay in Rome he learned Poussin patron Cassiano dal Pozzo and its know for whom he painted two pictures. 1651 he set forth on the stitches designed by Poussin Illustrations to Leonardo da Vinci's Trattato della Pittura. After his appointment as a decorator of the royal palaces, he received orders to the painting of the Louvre, the castles in Fontainebleau ( Apartment of the Queen Mother ), Saint- Germain -en- Laye and Versailles. He also worked as a scene painter for the opera.
Another focus of his work was the work as an engraver. He illustrated, inter alia, the Vite of Bellori and an anatomical atlas for the fellows of the Académie de France in Rome, one of the first anatomy books for artists at all. Errard was co-founder of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, which appointed him in 1657 to its Director. Rivalries with Lebrun led him to a further trip to Rome, which he undertook with twelve fellows to start there on behalf of his patron, the French minister Colbert the " Académie de France à Rome ". 1673 and 1675 he was elected Principe dell'Accademia di San Luca. After the death of Colbert († 1683), he resigned from his offices.
Charles Errard died in 1689 at the age of 62 years in Rome and was buried in the church of Trinita dei Monti.
- French Painter
- Painter of the Baroque
- French graphic designer
- Architect ( France)
- Architect of Baroque
- Background artist
- Born in 1607
- Died in 1689