Chassigny is the first identified as a Mars meteorite meteorite.
He fell on October 3, 1815 in the village of Chassigny ( Haute- Marne) in the northeast of France to the earth, but only in the 1980s, it was found that it is the salvaged material of the meteorite is a piece of Mars rock. From the estimated original mass of the meteorite of 4 kg only 570 grams were recovered and of science be obtained.
The meteorite is a dunite, which is primarily composed of olivine with storage of pyroxene and feldspar.
A subset of the Martian meteorites that Chassigniten, was named after the site Chassigny.