Hamilton County Marion County
Chattanooga is the fourth- largest city in the U.S. state of Tennessee with 167 674 inhabitants. It lies in the southeast of the state on the banks of the Tennessee River near the border with the state of Georgia.
Originally Chattanooga was founded in 1816 by Chief John Ross under the name of Ross 's Landing as the center of trade with the Cherokees. 1838, the city was named after the forced relocation of the Cherokee (see Trail of Tears ) renamed in Chattanooga, probably after the name of a rocky outcrop on the nearby Lookout Mountain.
During the American Civil War, important battles took place near Chattanooga. The Battle of Chickamauga was about 20 km southwest of 19-20. September 1863, the Battle of Chattanooga fought in and around the city from 23 to 25 November 1863.
The city became an important industrial center, which led to a major pollution in the 20th century. In the 1960s, the city was by Walter Cronkite as the " dirtiest city in America ". Meanwhile, the city of industrial pollution is largely free.
Culture and sights
In Chattanooga the historic Walnut Street Bridge is. The 1889-1891 built bridge is located at the Walnut Street and spans the Tennessee River. She was admitted as a historical monument with the number 90000300 on 23 February 1990 by the National Register of Historic Places.
The famous Big Band / Swing piece Chattanooga Choo Choo, played by Glenn Miller in 1941, tells of a steam train ride from New York to Chattanooga. The title sold in 1941 more than one million copies. On 10 February 1942, a gold record was awarded for the first time in the history of music.
Economy and Transport
In Chattanooga cross three major highways ( interstate highways ). But not only the traffic is an important economic factor for the city but for a long time comes Chattanooga particular importance as a railway hub for the region with the distribution function to the north, west and south to. The passenger, however, was completely set and converted in 1909 in the Victorian style, built in 1970 and decommissioned historic station with the old cars in a hotel complex. The actual station building serve as the lobby and restaurant, the hotel's guests stay in the modern equipped railroad car.
The local farms are a mix of manufacturing and the service companies, also there are three colleges and the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. One of the biggest tourist attractions of the city next to the converted railway station include the Tennessee Aquarium, one of the largest freshwater aquarium in the world, as well as the restored city center. The also restored Walnut Street Bridge is one of the largest pedestrian bridges in the world.
As the Board of Management of Volkswagen AG announced on 15 July 2008, is the first new U.S. plant to be built with an annual capacity of 150,000 cars in Chattanooga Enterprise South Industrial Park, located approximately 17 km east of the city center. To this end, the Group invested approximately one billion dollars in the site. He has received its own freight depot to delivery of materials and shipment of finished vehicles. The land management, water management and replanting on former forest land are considered exemplary. After the opening on May 24, 2011, the first vehicles - a larger U.S. version of the model VW Passat - roll off the line.
- Italy Ascoli Piceno (Italy )
- Israel Givatayim (Israel )
- Germany Hamm ( Germany )
- Russia Nizhny Tagil (Russia)
- China People's Republic of Wuxi (China )
- Flag of South Korea Gangneung (South Korea)
- Germany Wolfsburg ( Germany )
Sons and daughters of the town
- David M. Abshire, politicians
- Nathan L. Bachman, politicians
- Norman Blake, country musician
- George S. Clinton, film composer
- Terry Gordy, Wrestler
- Leslie Jordan, actor
- Yusef Lateef, Jazz Musicians
- Bill McKinney, Actor
- Lori Petty, actress
- Usher Raymond, Singer
- Bessie Smith, blues singer
- Mark Taylor, jazz horn player
- Reggie White, football player
- Phelan Beale, famous lawyer and uncle of Jacqueline Onassis