Cheers is an American sitcom that was produced from 1982 to 1993 and aired in the U.S. television network NBC. Depending on how you count by double episodes and specials, it has 269-275 consequences.
The Cheers, a small bar in Boston, is the stage for different characters: The bar owner Sam Malone, a former baseball player, womanizer and recovering alcoholic, experienced in Cheers with its employees and guests of the things " everyday" life. The staff are the temperamental Italian -born Carla Tortelli employees and the naive bartender Ernie Pantusso called coach who is later replaced by the equally simple-minded Woody Boyd. Then there is the student Diane Chambers, will leave in the first episode of Cheers by her fiance and is promptly hired by Sam as a waitress. Among the regulars are the know-it- postman Cliff Clavin and mostly unemployed accountant Norm Peterson. In later episodes, we are experiencing the psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane and Lilith Sternin - his wife, Dr. Crane, also a psychiatrist, do so. Between Sam and Diane are regularly amorous complications. A crisis in the relationship with Diane led Sam then, bar for sale. When Rebecca Howe, the new managing director, Sam can henceforth no opportunity to take a pass.
Offshoots and cross-connections
Of Cheers there were two offshoot series, the circumstances linked to the origin series:
- At The Tortellis was Carla's ex-husband Nick Tortelli ( Dan Hedaya ), who had starred in six episodes of Cheers, in the center. Rhea Perlman played in the pilot with; George Wendt and John Ratzenberger as a result Frankie Comes to Dinner. The Tortellis ran in 1987 only 13 episodes long and has so far not been seen on German television.
- Far more successful was in 1993, right after the end of Cheers, Frasier, in which the character of Dr. Frasier Crane is the focus. 2002 there were in the Frasier episode Cheers bye a reunion with Cliff, Norm and Carla. Previously had Sam, Woody and later repeatedly Diane guest appearances. Lilith appeared as Frasier's ex-wife regularly in the series. Until the termination in 2004 created 264 episodes of Frasier.
In addition, were characters from Cheers or their actors in other series in the form of crossovers on:
- Ted Danson, Woody Harrelson, Rhea Perlman, George Wendt and John Ratzenberger borrowed the voices of their characters from Cheers eponymous characters in the episode Fear of Flying ( 1994), the animated series The Simpsons. Previously, there was such a presence already of Diane Chambers and a parody of Cheers - leader in the episode The recipe for success (1991).
- Guest appearances on the show flyer had George Wendt and John Ratzenberger as Norm Peterson and Cliff Clavin ( The absolute anti-hero, 1990), Kelsey Grammer and Bebe Neuwirth as Frasier Crane and Lilith Sternin -Crane ( The train to psychological well -being, 1992) and Kirstie Alley as Rebbecca Howe (Brian and the prominence, 1993).
- As a result, The Messiah (original Cheers, 1985), the series St. Elsewhere Rhea Perlman, John Ratzenberger and George Wendt played her characters from Cheers.
By spin-offs, crossovers and guest appearances in the respective offshoot series Cheers is the origin of a common series universe of Cheers, St. Elsewhere, The Tortellis, flyer, Frasier, The John Larroquette Show, Caroline in the City, Friends, Joey, All About you and Seinfeld.
In Germany Cheers launched in 1985 under the title Prost Helmut! ZDF. The synchronization corresponded but not the original and the characters were renamed: That was the name Sam Hubert mite, Diane Diane was room Linde, Standard became Helmut and Cliff to Uwe. In this version, responsible for Ivar Combrinck drew the series had only moderate success and was discontinued after only 13 episodes. It was not until ten years later, from 1995 to 1996, RTL showed all the episodes in a faithful dubbed version under the title Cheers.
- Each episode begins with an approximately one-to two-minute scene that is often directly related to the result for the course of history but not often is important. On the point of this sequence the bias follows.
- A running gag is the fact that the corpulent Norm is constantly thirsty and hungry and every opportunity to drink or eat perceives. Another running gag is that he is usually greeted with a loud and polyphonic "Norm! " Cheers ( in other restaurants and bars ). Then ask one of the bartenders about the condition or the like and Norman responds with a gag. This running gags are known in the U.S. under the name " Normisms ". For example: Coach: "Well norm, as is life to you?" Standard: " As if there had caught me with his wife in bed! "
- Kelsey Grammer, George Wendt and John Ratzenberger were originally contracted for only a few episodes.
- Sam Malone, Carla Tortelli and Norm Peterson are the only characters who appear in every episode of Cheers.
- George Wendt is also the only actor that has the same figure - Norm Peterson - played in seven different television series. In addition, John Ratzenberger belongs together with Paul Fusco ( the original voice of Alf ) and Richard Belzer ( as Detective John Munch) to a total of only three actors who played their characters in six different television series.
- The figure Morn from Star Trek: Deep Space Nine is a tribute to the figure of the norm from Cheers. Morn is a regular at the bar quarks. The name is an anagram for " standard".
- Woody Harrelson announces the embodied his character Woody Boyd not only the name: The character comes from the place in Hanover Indiana, where Woody Harrelson has gone before college.
- Carla has at the end of series eight children by three different men ( Nick Tortelli: Anthony, Ann Marie, Serafina, Jeno, Lucia / Dr Bennett Ludlow: . Ludlow / Eddie LeBec: The twins Elvis and Jesse ).
- Nicholas Coke Santo (Coach ) died unexpectedly during the filming of the third season - episode " beginning or end." He was replaced by Woody Harrelson with its own role.
The building, which is shown in the opening credits and many scenes of the series as Cheers, is in the 84 Beacon Street in Boston. It was founded in 1969 as the " Bull & Finch Pub ". In the summer of 1981 visited the screenwriters pair Mary Ann and Glen Charles the Bull & Finch in search of a pub as inspiration for her new TV series. Pictures of the interior of the Bull & Finch were later used as an architectural template for the film set of the series Cheers ( Stage 25 at Paramount Studios in Hollywood). Although the Cheers ( Bull & Finch ) in Boston has partially similarities to the film set of the series Cheers, otherwise differs, however, from this. The Bull & Finch Pub used today its original name no longer, due to numerous misunderstandings on the part of visitors and tourists. Under the name of "Cheers" it will continue to operate as a bar and restaurant and is one of the many tourist attractions of Boston.
- Season 1 was released on 20 May 2003
- Season 2 was released on 6 January 2004
- Season 3 was released on 25 May 2004
- Season 4 was released on 1 February 2005
- Season 5 was released on 17 May 2005
- Season 6 was released on 13 September 2005
- Season 7 was released on 15 November 2005
- Season 8 was released on 13 June 2006
- Season 9 was released on 29 April 2008
- Season 10 was released on 2 September 2008
- Season 11 was released on 27 January 2009
- Season 1 was released on 24 November 2003
- Season 2 was released on June 7, 2004
- Season 3 was released on 6 September 2004
- Season 4 was released on July 18, 2005
- Season 5 was released on 27 November 2006
- Season 6 was released on May 14, 2007
- Season 7 was released on 18 May 2009
- Season 8 & 9 published August 6, 2012
- Season 10 & 11 was released on September 3, 2012
- Season 1 was released on 4 September 2008
- Season 2 was released on February 5, 2009
- Season 3 was released on 12 November 2009
- Season 4 was released on 8 April 2010
- Season 5 was released on October 4, 2013
- Season 6 was released on January 3, 2014
- Season 7 was released on April 3, 2014
Cheers is one of the most award-winning television series of American television history.
- The series has been nominated 117 times for an Emmy and won 27 of them. Among other things, Cheers 1983, 1984, 1989, 1991 and 1992 as "Outstanding Comedy Series" (outstanding comedy series ) excellent.
- All ten actors of the main characters received Emmy nominations. Rhea Perlman and Ted Danson were nominated in ten of eleven years for an Emmy. George Wendt received six nominations. Kirstie Alley, Shelley Long and Woody Harrelson have been nominated five times. Nicholas Coke Santo received three nominations, Bebe Neuwirth, John Ratzenberger and Kelsey Grammer two. Rhea Perlman won the Emmy this four times, Bebe Neuwirth twice. Ted Danson, Shelley Long, Woody Harrelson and Kirstie Alley each won an Emmy.
- A total of 17 cast members from Cheers were nominated for Emmys.
- Cheers received 31 Golden Globe nominations and won six Golden Globes, including the for Best Comedy TV Series of 1991.