Chemin de fer du Montenvers

The Chemin de fer du Mont Envers is a cog railway that runs from Chamonix to the 1913 meter high Mont Envers. It overcomes a length of 5.1 km altitude difference of 871 meters.


1892 saw the first concrete discussions about building a rack railway in this area. In 1908 started the construction. The opening of the first section up to 4,541 kilometers took place on 9 August 1908. The total distance between Chamonix -Mont Envers was opened on 29 May 1909. 1953, she was electrified.


The cog railway is operated by the Compagnie du Mont- Blanc, a company that operates the various railways and cable cars within Chamonix ( among others, the Tramway du Mont Blanc and the Aiguille du Midi d' telepherique ).

Technical Characteristics

  • Track width: 1000 mm
  • Type: Strub
  • Number of Trains: 6 electric railcars and 3 diesel locomotives
  • Speed ​​14 to 20 km / h
  • Slope: 11 to 22 %
  • Electrical: AC 11 kV, 50 Hz


As the railway vehicles can move autonomously exclusively on the rack of the system Strub, this is raised at the level crossing with the Avenue Cachat le Géant in Chamonix for the crossing of the train after the closing of the barrier on the street level.